3D Object Detection Evaluation 2017


The 3D object detection benchmark consists of 7481 training images and 7518 test images as well as the corresponding point clouds, comprising a total of 80.256 labeled objects. For evaluation, we compute precision-recall curves. To rank the methods we compute average precision. We require that all methods use the same parameter set for all test pairs. Our development kit provides details about the data format as well as MATLAB / C++ utility functions for reading and writing the label files.

We evaluate 3D object detection performance using the PASCAL criteria also used for 2D object detection. Far objects are thus filtered based on their bounding box height in the image plane. As only objects also appearing on the image plane are labeled, objects in don't car areas do not count as false positives. We note that the evaluation does not take care of ignoring detections that are not visible on the image plane — these detections might give rise to false positives. For cars we require an 3D bounding box overlap of 70%, while for pedestrians and cyclists we require a 3D bounding box overlap of 50%. Difficulties are defined as follows:

  • Easy: Min. bounding box height: 40 Px, Max. occlusion level: Fully visible, Max. truncation: 15 %
  • Moderate: Min. bounding box height: 25 Px, Max. occlusion level: Partly occluded, Max. truncation: 30 %
  • Hard: Min. bounding box height: 25 Px, Max. occlusion level: Difficult to see, Max. truncation: 50 %

All methods are ranked based on the moderately difficult results.

Note 2: On 08.10.2019, we have followed the suggestions of the Mapillary team in their paper Disentangling Monocular 3D Object Detection and use 40 recall positions instead of the 11 recall positions proposed in the original Pascal VOC benchmark. This results in a more fair comparison of the results, please check their paper. The last leaderboards right before this change can be found here: Object Detection Evaluation, 3D Object Detection Evaluation, Bird's Eye View Evaluation.
Important Policy Update: As more and more non-published work and re-implementations of existing work is submitted to KITTI, we have established a new policy: from now on, only submissions with significant novelty that are leading to a peer-reviewed paper in a conference or journal are allowed. Minor modifications of existing algorithms or student research projects are not allowed. Such work must be evaluated on a split of the training set. To ensure that our policy is adopted, new users must detail their status, describe their work and specify the targeted venue during registration. Furthermore, we will regularly delete all entries that are 6 months old but are still anonymous or do not have a paper associated with them. For conferences, 6 month is enough to determine if a paper has been accepted and to add the bibliography information. For longer review cycles, you need to resubmit your results.
Additional information used by the methods
  • Stereo: Method uses left and right (stereo) images
  • Flow: Method uses optical flow (2 temporally adjacent images)
  • Multiview: Method uses more than 2 temporally adjacent images
  • Laser Points: Method uses point clouds from Velodyne laser scanner
  • Additional training data: Use of additional data sources for training (see details)

Car


Method Setting Code Moderate Easy Hard Runtime Environment
1 VirConv-S code 87.20 % 92.48 % 82.45 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, C. Wen, S. Shi and C. Wang: Virtual Sparse Convolution for Multimodal 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2023.
2 UDeerPEP code 86.72 % 91.77 % 82.57 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Z. Dong, H. Ji, X. Huang, W. Zhang, X. Zhan and J. Chen: PeP: a Point enhanced Painting method for unified point cloud tasks. 2023.
3 VirConv-T code 86.25 % 92.54 % 81.24 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, C. Wen, S. Shi and C. Wang: Virtual Sparse Convolution for Multimodal 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2023.
4 TSSTDet 85.47 % 91.84 % 80.65 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Hoang, D. Bui and M. Yoo: TSSTDet: Transformation-Based 3-D Object Detection via a Spatial Shape Transformer. IEEE Sensors Journal 2024.
5 3ONet 85.47 % 92.03 % 78.64 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Hoang and M. Yoo: 3ONet: 3-D Detector for Occluded Object Under Obstructed Conditions. IEEE Sensors Journal 2023.
6 TED code 85.28 % 91.61 % 80.68 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, C. Wen, W. Li, R. Yang and C. Wang: Transformation-Equivariant 3D Object Detection for Autonomous Driving. AAAI 2023.
7 MB3D 85.24 % 91.43 % 80.28 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
8 PVFusion code 85.07 % 90.98 % 80.16 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
9 LoGoNet code 85.06 % 91.80 % 80.74 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
X. Li, T. Ma, Y. Hou, B. Shi, Y. Yang, Y. Liu, X. Wu, Q. Chen, Y. Li, Y. Qiao and others: LoGoNet: Towards Accurate 3D Object Detection with Local-to-Global Cross-Modal Fusion. CVPR 2023.
10 ANM code 84.92 % 91.46 % 81.87 % ANM ANM
11 LVP(84.92) 84.92 % 91.37 % 80.07 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
12 CDF 84.87 % 91.02 % 79.41 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
13 MuTOD 84.81 % 91.23 % 81.44 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
14 SFD code 84.76 % 91.73 % 77.92 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. Wu, L. Peng, H. Yang, L. Xie, C. Huang, C. Deng, H. Liu and D. Cai: Sparse Fuse Dense: Towards High Quality 3D Detection with Depth Completion. CVPR 2022.
15 ACFNet 84.67 % 90.80 % 80.14 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Tian, X. Zhang, X. Wang, J. Xu, J. Wang, R. Ai, W. Gu and W. Ding: ACF-Net: Asymmetric Cascade Fusion for 3D Detection With LiDAR Point Clouds and Images. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles 2023.
16 FEIF3D
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
84.56 % 91.27 % 80.05 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
17 OGMMDet code 84.51 % 91.82 % 79.80 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
18 HAF-PVP_test 84.50 % 91.53 % 77.85 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
19 LVP 84.49 % 90.90 % 79.39 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
20 Anonymous 84.40 % 91.31 % 80.04 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
21 SDGUFusion 84.38 % 91.43 % 80.04 % 0.5 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
22 TED-S Reproduced 84.29 % 91.62 % 80.00 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
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23 VDF 84.25 % 91.39 % 78.96 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
24 3D HANet code 84.18 % 90.79 % 77.57 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Q. Xia, Y. Chen, G. Cai, G. Chen, D. Xie, J. Su and Z. Wang: 3D HANet: A Flexible 3D Heatmap Auxiliary Network for Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2023.
25 CasA++ code 84.04 % 90.68 % 79.69 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, J. Deng, C. Wen, X. Li and C. Wang: CasA: A Cascade Attention Network for 3D Object Detection from LiDAR point clouds. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2022.
26 TED_S_baseline code 83.99 % 90.75 % 79.63 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
27 L-AUG 83.84 % 90.53 % 79.10 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
T. Cortinhal, I. Gouigah and E. Aksoy: Semantics-aware LiDAR-Only Pseudo Point Cloud Generation for 3D Object Detection. 2023.
28 URFormer 83.40 % 89.64 % 78.62 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
29 SFA-GCL code 83.32 % 92.12 % 78.07 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
30 LFT 83.32 % 91.80 % 78.29 % 0.1s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
31 SFA-GCL(80) code 83.29 % 91.96 % 78.05 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
32 MSIT-Det 83.27 % 92.11 % 73.81 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
33 GraR-VoI code 83.27 % 91.89 % 77.78 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Wu, W. Wang, W. Qian, X. He and D. Cai: Graph R-CNN: Towards Accurate 3D Object Detection with Semantic-Decorated Local Graph. ECCV 2022.
34 GLENet-VR code 83.23 % 91.67 % 78.43 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zhu, J. Hou and Y. Yuan: GLENet: Boosting 3D object detectors with generative label uncertainty estimation. International Journal of Computer Vision 2023.
Y. Zhang, J. Hou and Y. Yuan: A Comprehensive Study of the Robustness for LiDAR-based 3D Object Detectors against Adversarial Attacks. International Journal of Computer Vision 2023.
35 VPFNet code 83.21 % 91.02 % 78.20 % 0.06 s 2 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Zhu, J. Deng, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, Q. Mao, H. Li and Y. Zhang: VPFNet: Improving 3D Object Detection with Virtual Point based LiDAR and Stereo Data Fusion. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 2022.
36 GraR-Po code 83.18 % 91.79 % 77.98 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Wu, W. Wang, W. Qian, X. He and D. Cai: Graph R-CNN: Towards Accurate 3D Object Detection with Semantic-Decorated Local Graph. ECCV 2022.
37 IMLIDAR(base) 83.16 % 91.50 % 78.32 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
38 CasA code 83.06 % 91.58 % 80.08 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, J. Deng, C. Wen, X. Li and C. Wang: CasA: A Cascade Attention Network for 3D Object Detection from LiDAR point clouds. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2022.
39 SFA-GCL(80, k=4) code 83.05 % 91.91 % 77.84 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
40 UPIDet code 82.97 % 89.13 % 80.05 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, J. Hou, Y. Yuan and G. Xing: Unleash the Potential of Image Branch for Cross-modal 3D Object Detection. Thirty-seventh Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems 2023.
41 Anonymous code 82.93 % 91.31 % 78.00 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
42 MLF-DET 82.89 % 91.18 % 77.89 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Z. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Zhou, S. Chen and N. Zheng: MLF-DET: Multi-Level Fusion for Cross- Modal 3D Object Detection. International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks 2023.
43 BtcDet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 82.86 % 90.64 % 78.09 % 0.09 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Q. Xu, Y. Zhong and U. Neumann: Behind the Curtain: Learning Occluded Shapes for 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2022.
44 VPA 82.78 % 91.62 % 77.97 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
45 GraR-Vo code 82.77 % 91.29 % 77.20 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Wu, W. Wang, W. Qian, X. He and D. Cai: Graph R-CNN: Towards Accurate 3D Object Detection with Semantic-Decorated Local Graph. ECCV 2022.
46 SPG_mini
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 82.66 % 90.64 % 77.91 % 0.09 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Q. Xu, Y. Zhou, W. Wang, C. Qi and D. Anguelov: SPG: Unsupervised Domain Adaptation for 3D Object Detection via Semantic Point Generation. Proceedings of the IEEE conference on computer vision and pattern recognition (ICCV) 2021.
47 DDF 82.65 % 89.42 % 77.82 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
48 OcTr 82.64 % 90.88 % 77.77 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
C. Zhou, Y. Zhang, J. Chen and D. Huang: OcTr: Octree-based Transformer for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2023.
49 MAK_VOXEL_RCNN 82.62 % 91.29 % 77.93 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
50 casx 82.61 % 89.31 % 77.91 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
51 DiffCandiDet 82.59 % 91.18 % 77.64 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
52 PA3DNet 82.57 % 90.49 % 77.88 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
M. Wang, L. Zhao and Y. Yue: PA3DNet: 3-D Vehicle Detection with Pseudo Shape Segmentation and Adaptive Camera- LiDAR Fusion. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics 2023.
53 casxv1 82.54 % 89.11 % 77.77 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
54 SE-SSD
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 82.54 % 91.49 % 77.15 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
W. Zheng, W. Tang, L. Jiang and C. Fu: SE-SSD: Self-Ensembling Single-Stage Object Detector From Point Cloud. CVPR 2021.
55 IIOU code 82.51 % 88.83 % 75.82 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
56 MAK code 82.50 % 88.97 % 77.81 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
57 PIPC-3Ddet code 82.46 % 91.65 % 77.60 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
58 SFD++ 82.46 % 90.93 % 77.27 % 0.12 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
59 DVF-V 82.45 % 89.40 % 77.56 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
A. Mahmoud, J. Hu and S. Waslander: Dense Voxel Fusion for 3D Object Detection. WACV 2023.
60 GraR-Pi code 82.42 % 90.94 % 77.00 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Yang, Z. Liu, X. Wu, W. Wang, W. Qian, X. He and D. Cai: Graph R-CNN: Towards Accurate 3D Object Detection with Semantic-Decorated Local Graph. ECCV 2022.
61 SFA-GCL(baseline) code 82.40 % 91.57 % 75.45 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
62 DVF-PV 82.40 % 90.99 % 77.37 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
A. Mahmoud, J. Hu and S. Waslander: Dense Voxel Fusion for 3D Object Detection. WACV 2023.
63 3D Dual-Fusion code 82.40 % 91.01 % 79.39 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Kim, K. Park, M. Kim, D. Kum and J. Choi: 3D Dual-Fusion: Dual-Domain Dual-Query Camera-LiDAR Fusion for 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2211.13529 2022.
64 SFA-GCL code 82.38 % 91.56 % 75.41 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
65 HDet3D 82.33 % 89.93 % 77.20 % 0.07 s >8 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
66 RDIoU code 82.30 % 90.65 % 77.26 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Sheng, S. Cai, N. Zhao, B. Deng, J. Huang, X. Hua, M. Zhao and G. Lee: Rethinking IoU-based Optimization for Single- stage 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
67 PVT-SSD 82.29 % 90.65 % 76.85 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Yang, W. Wang, M. Chen, B. Lin, T. He, H. Chen, X. He and W. Ouyang: PVT-SSD: Single-Stage 3D Object Detector with Point-Voxel Transformer. CVPR 2023.
68 DA-Net 82.29 % 90.73 % 77.90 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
69 Focals Conv code 82.28 % 90.55 % 77.59 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, J. Sun and J. Jia: Focal Sparse Convolutional Networks for 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2022.
70 SFA-GCL_dataaug code 82.28 % 89.57 % 75.35 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
71 CLOCs code 82.28 % 89.16 % 77.23 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
S. Pang, D. Morris and H. Radha: CLOCs: Camera-LiDAR Object Candidates Fusion for 3D Object Detection . 2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) 2020.
72 GraphAlign(ICCV2023) code 82.23 % 90.90 % 79.67 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.0 Ghz (Python)
Z. Song, H. Wei, L. Bai, L. Yang and C. Jia: GraphAlign: Enhancing accurate feature alignment by graph matching for multi-modal 3D object detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision 2023.
73 DEF-Model 82.19 % 88.49 % 77.40 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
74 spark 82.18 % 90.66 % 77.44 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
75 DGEnhCL code 82.18 % 91.12 % 75.29 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
76 SASA
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 82.16 % 88.76 % 77.16 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
C. Chen, Z. Chen, J. Zhang and D. Tao: SASA: Semantics-Augmented Set Abstraction for Point-based 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2201.01976 2022.
77 RPF3D 82.16 % 88.81 % 77.48 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
78 TEDx 82.16 % 88.58 % 79.12 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
79 LGSLNet 82.16 % 90.51 % 79.33 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
80 spark_voxel_rcnn code 82.15 % 90.62 % 77.40 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
81 PG-RCNN code 82.13 % 89.38 % 77.33 % 0.06 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
I. Koo, I. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, W. Jeon and C. Kim: PG-RCNN: Semantic Surface Point Generation for 3D Object Detection. 2023.
82 SPG
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 82.13 % 90.50 % 78.90 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Q. Xu, Y. Zhou, W. Wang, C. Qi and D. Anguelov: SPG: Unsupervised Domain Adaptation for 3D Object Detection via Semantic Point Generation. Proceedings of the IEEE conference on computer vision and pattern recognition (ICCV) 2021.
83 SDGUFusion 82.12 % 91.03 % 77.67 % 0.5 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
84 voxel_spark code 82.10 % 90.47 % 79.01 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
85 VoTr-TSD code 82.09 % 89.90 % 79.14 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Mao, Y. Xue, M. Niu, H. Bai, J. Feng, X. Liang, H. Xu and C. Xu: Voxel Transformer for 3D Object Detection. ICCV 2021.
86 Voxel_Spark_focal_we code 82.08 % 90.65 % 77.36 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
87 Pyramid R-CNN 82.08 % 88.39 % 77.49 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Mao, M. Niu, H. Bai, X. Liang, H. Xu and C. Xu: Pyramid R-CNN: Towards Better Performance and Adaptability for 3D Object Detection. ICCV 2021.
88 VoxSeT code 82.06 % 88.53 % 77.46 % 33 ms 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
C. He, R. Li, S. Li and L. Zhang: Voxel Set Transformer: A Set-to-Set Approach to 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds. CVPR 2022.
89 Under Blind Review#1 82.04 % 88.45 % 77.54 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
90 LGNet-Car code 82.02 % 90.65 % 77.34 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
91 PSMS-Net
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
82.02 % 90.88 % 77.37 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
92 EQ-PVRCNN code 82.01 % 90.13 % 77.53 % 0.2 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Yang, L. Jiang, Y. Sun, B. Schiele and J. Jia: A Unified Query-based Paradigm for Point Cloud Understanding. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2022.
93 BPG3D 81.98 % 90.52 % 78.97 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
94 EPNet++ 81.96 % 91.37 % 76.71 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Liu, T. Huang, B. Li, X. Chen, X. Wang and X. Bai: EPNet++: Cascade Bi-Directional Fusion for Multi-Modal 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2022.
95 USVLab BSAODet code 81.95 % 88.66 % 77.40 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
W. Xiao, Y. Peng, C. Liu, J. Gao, Y. Wu and X. Li: Balanced Sample Assignment and Objective for Single-Model Multi-Class 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2023.
96 NIV-SSD 81.95 % 90.98 % 76.83 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
97 Spark_partA22 81.94 % 90.24 % 76.95 % 10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
98 HMFI code 81.93 % 88.90 % 77.30 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
X. Li, B. Shi, Y. Hou, X. Wu, T. Ma, Y. Li and L. He: Homogeneous Multi-modal Feature Fusion and Interaction for 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
99 focalnet 81.92 % 90.59 % 79.25 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
100 focalnet 81.92 % 90.57 % 79.24 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
101 PA-Det3D 81.92 % 88.46 % 77.38 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
102 3D-BCM 81.91 % 90.36 % 77.01 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
103 AMVFNet code 81.90 % 90.52 % 77.42 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
104 spark2 81.88 % 88.61 % 77.19 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
105 PDV code 81.86 % 90.43 % 77.36 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Hu, T. Kuai and S. Waslander: Point Density-Aware Voxels for LiDAR 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2022.
106 SQD 81.82 % 91.58 % 79.07 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
107 Spark_PartA2_Soft_fo code 81.82 % 90.10 % 78.35 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
108 af 81.78 % 90.46 % 77.37 % 1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
109 CityBrainLab-CT3D code 81.77 % 87.83 % 77.16 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Sheng, S. Cai, Y. Liu, B. Deng, J. Huang, X. Hua and M. Zhao: Improving 3D Object Detection with Channel- wise Transformer. ICCV 2021.
110 M3DeTR code 81.73 % 90.28 % 76.96 % n/a s GPU @ 1.0 Ghz (Python)
T. Guan, J. Wang, S. Lan, R. Chandra, Z. Wu, L. Davis and D. Manocha: M3DeTR: Multi-representation, Multi- scale, Mutual-relation 3D Object Detection with Transformers. 2021.
111 SIENet code 81.71 % 88.22 % 77.22 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Li, Y. Yao, Z. Quan, W. Yang and J. Xie: SIENet: Spatial Information Enhancement Network for 3D Object Detection from Point Cloud. 2021.
112 F3D 81.69 % 88.40 % 77.09 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
113 FIRM-Net 81.65 % 88.25 % 76.98 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
114 Voxel R-CNN code 81.62 % 90.90 % 77.06 % 0.04 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Deng, S. Shi, P. Li, W. Zhou, Y. Zhang and H. Li: Voxel R-CNN: Towards High Performance Voxel-based 3D Object Detection . AAAI 2021.
115 BADet code 81.61 % 89.28 % 76.58 % 0.14 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
R. Qian, X. Lai and X. Li: BADet: Boundary-Aware 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds. Pattern Recognition 2022.
116 FromVoxelToPoint code 81.58 % 88.53 % 77.37 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Li, H. Dai, L. Shao and Y. Ding: From Voxel to Point: IoU-guided 3D Object Detection for Point Cloud with Voxel-to- Point Decoder. MM '21: The 29th ACM International Conference on Multimedia (ACM MM) 2021.
117 LGNet-3classes code 81.57 % 90.84 % 76.98 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
118 H^23D R-CNN code 81.55 % 90.43 % 77.22 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Deng, W. Zhou, Y. Zhang and H. Li: From Multi-View to Hollow-3D: Hallucinated Hollow-3D R-CNN for 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2021.
119 test 81.55 % 88.47 % 76.51 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
120 FARP-Net code 81.53 % 88.36 % 78.98 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
T. Xie, L. Wang, K. Wang, R. Li, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, L. Yang, H. Liu and J. Li: FARP-Net: Local-Global Feature Aggregation and Relation-Aware Proposals for 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia 2023.
121 CAFI-Pillars 81.53 % 87.66 % 77.00 % 30ms NVIDIA Tesla P40 GPU
122 VoxelFSD 81.50 % 89.89 % 76.82 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
123 PR-SSD 81.49 % 89.69 % 76.71 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
124 spark-part2 81.49 % 89.82 % 76.76 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
125 DSA-PV-RCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 81.46 % 88.25 % 76.96 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
P. Bhattacharyya, C. Huang and K. Czarnecki: SA-Det3D: Self-Attention Based Context-Aware 3D Object Detection. 2021.
126 focal 81.45 % 90.73 % 77.13 % 100 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
127 P2V-RCNN 81.45 % 88.34 % 77.20 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Li, S. Luo, Z. Zhu, H. Dai, A. Krylov, Y. Ding and L. Shao: P2V-RCNN: Point to Voxel Feature Learning for 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds. IEEE Access 2021.
128 GA-RCNN 81.44 % 87.96 % 77.05 % 47ms 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
129 MMLab PV-RCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 81.43 % 90.25 % 76.82 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Shi, C. Guo, L. Jiang, Z. Wang, J. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: PV-RCNN: Point-Voxel Feature Set Abstraction for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
130 CZY_PPF_Net 81.39 % 90.44 % 77.02 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
131 SGFNet 81.39 % 88.80 % 76.47 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
132 XView 81.35 % 89.21 % 76.87 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Xie, G. Xu, D. Cai and X. He: X-view: Non-egocentric Multi-View 3D Object Detector. 2021.
133 GeVo 81.35 % 89.66 % 76.82 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
134 SS-3DSSD code 81.35 % 87.98 % 76.43 % 0.014s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
135 ECA 81.34 % 88.88 % 78.68 % 0.08 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
136 RangeRCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
81.33 % 88.47 % 77.09 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Liang, M. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. Zhao and S. Pu: RangeRCNN: Towards Fast and Accurate 3D Object Detection with Range Image Representation. arXiv preprint arXiv:2009.00206 2020.
137 CAT-Det 81.32 % 89.87 % 76.68 % 0.3 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Zhang, J. Chen and D. Huang: CAT-Det: Contrastively Augmented Transformer for Multi-modal 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2022.
138 PV-RCNN-Plus 81.29 % 87.72 % 76.78 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
139 PASS-PV-RCNN-Plus 81.28 % 87.65 % 76.79 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Anonymous: Leveraging Anchor-based LiDAR 3D Object Detection via Point Assisted Sample Selection. will submit to computer vision conference/journal 2024.
140 GF-pointnet 81.23 % 88.23 % 76.53 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
141 HA-PillarNet 81.06 % 89.65 % 76.67 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
142 U_PV_V2_ep_100_100 80.97 % 87.41 % 76.58 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
143 VPFNet code 80.97 % 88.51 % 76.74 % 0.2 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
C. Wang, H. Chen and L. Fu: VPFNet: Voxel-Pixel Fusion Network for Multi-class 3D Object Detection. 2021.
144 CG-SSD 80.97 % 87.87 % 76.54 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
145 RBEV-Voxel code 80.87 % 87.15 % 76.28 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
146 Sem-Aug
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
80.77 % 89.41 % 75.90 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
L. Zhao, M. Wang and Y. Yue: Sem-Aug: Improving Camera-LiDAR Feature Fusion With Semantic Augmentation for 3D Vehicle Detection. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2022.
147 U_PV_V2_ep100_80 80.75 % 87.16 % 76.43 % 0... s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
148 StructuralIF 80.69 % 87.15 % 76.26 % 0.02 s 8 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Pei An: Deep structural information fusion for 3D object detection on LiDAR-camera system. Accepted in CVIU 2021.
149 CLOCs_PVCas code 80.67 % 88.94 % 77.15 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
S. Pang, D. Morris and H. Radha: CLOCs: Camera-LiDAR Object Candidates Fusion for 3D Object Detection . 2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) 2020.
150 SVGA-Net 80.47 % 87.33 % 75.91 % 0.03s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Q. He, Z. Wang, H. Zeng, Y. Zeng and Y. Liu: SVGA-Net: Sparse Voxel-Graph Attention Network for 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds. AAAI 2022.
151 KPTr 80.40 % 88.52 % 75.28 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
152 SRDL 80.38 % 87.73 % 76.27 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
153 Fast-CLOCs 80.35 % 89.10 % 76.99 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
S. Pang, D. Morris and H. Radha: Fast-CLOCs: Fast Camera-LiDAR Object Candidates Fusion for 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV) 2022.
154 SPANet 80.34 % 91.05 % 74.89 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Ye: SPANet: Spatial and Part-Aware Aggregation Network for 3D Object Detection. Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2021.
155 IA-SSD (single) code 80.32 % 88.87 % 75.10 % 0.013 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Hu, G. Xu, Y. Ma, J. Wan and Y. Guo: Not All Points Are Equal: Learning Highly Efficient Point-based Detectors for 3D LiDAR Point Clouds. CVPR 2022.
156 CIA-SSD
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 80.28 % 89.59 % 72.87 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
W. Zheng, W. Tang, S. Chen, L. Jiang and C. Fu: CIA-SSD: Confident IoU-Aware Single-Stage Object Detector From Point Cloud. AAAI 2021.
157 PVTr 80.19 % 86.96 % 75.97 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
158 Test_dif code 80.17 % 88.68 % 75.12 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
159 IA-SSD (multi) code 80.13 % 88.34 % 75.04 % 0.014 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Hu, G. Xu, Y. Ma, J. Wan and Y. Guo: Not All Points Are Equal: Learning Highly Efficient Point-based Detectors for 3D LiDAR Point Clouds. CVPR 2022.
160 EBM3DOD code 80.12 % 91.05 % 72.78 % 0.12 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
F. Gustafsson, M. Danelljan and T. Schön: Accurate 3D Object Detection using Energy- Based Models. arXiv preprint arXiv:2012.04634 2020.
161 3D-CVF at SPA
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 80.05 % 89.20 % 73.11 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Yoo, Y. Kim, J. Kim and J. Choi: 3D-CVF: Generating Joint Camera and LiDAR Features Using Cross-View Spatial Feature Fusion for 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2020.
162 IOUFusion 80.00 % 87.72 % 75.00 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
163 fuf 79.98 % 89.44 % 74.65 % 10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
164 bs 79.95 % 90.52 % 76.86 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
165 spark_second code 79.93 % 86.66 % 74.93 % . s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
166 SIF 79.88 % 86.84 % 75.89 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
P. An: SIF. Submitted to CVIU 2021.
167 spark_second_focal_w 79.81 % 86.41 % 75.03 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
168 RAFDet 79.81 % 88.24 % 75.06 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
169 RangeIoUDet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
79.80 % 88.60 % 76.76 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Liang, Z. Zhang, M. Zhang, X. Zhao and S. Pu: RangeIoUDet: Range Image Based Real-Time 3D Object Detector Optimized by Intersection Over Union. CVPR 2021.
170 SA-SSD code 79.79 % 88.75 % 74.16 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
C. He, H. Zeng, J. Huang, X. Hua and L. Zhang: Structure Aware Single-stage 3D Object Detection from Point Cloud. CVPR 2020.
171 MMAE
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
79.75 % 88.07 % 74.41 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
172 STD code 79.71 % 87.95 % 75.09 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Yang, Y. Sun, S. Liu, X. Shen and J. Jia: STD: Sparse-to-Dense 3D Object Detector for Point Cloud. ICCV 2019.
173 OFFNet 79.68 % 85.81 % 75.41 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
174 MGAF-3DSSD code 79.68 % 88.16 % 72.39 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Li, H. Dai, L. Shao and Y. Ding: Anchor-free 3D Single Stage Detector with Mask-Guided Attention for Point Cloud. MM '21: The 29th ACM International Conference on Multimedia (ACM MM) 2021.
175 RAFDet 79.66 % 88.17 % 74.75 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
176 Struc info fusion II 79.59 % 88.97 % 72.51 % 0.05 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
P. An, J. Liang, J. Ma, K. Yu and B. Fang: Struc info fusion. Submitted to CVIU 2021.
177 3DSSD code 79.57 % 88.36 % 74.55 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Yang, Y. Sun, S. Liu and J. Jia: 3DSSD: Point-based 3D Single Stage Object Detector. CVPR 2020.
178 EBM3DOD baseline code 79.52 % 88.80 % 72.30 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
F. Gustafsson, M. Danelljan and T. Schön: Accurate 3D Object Detection using Energy- Based Models. arXiv preprint arXiv:2012.04634 2020.
179 Struc info fusion I 79.49 % 88.70 % 74.25 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
P. An, J. Liang, J. Ma, K. Yu and B. Fang: Struc info fusion. Submitted to CVIU 2021.
180 PartA2_basline code 79.48 % 88.66 % 76.67 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
181 Point-GNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 79.47 % 88.33 % 72.29 % 0.6 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
W. Shi and R. Rajkumar: Point-GNN: Graph Neural Network for 3D Object Detection in a Point Cloud. CVPR 2020.
182 spark_second2 79.45 % 86.28 % 74.71 % 10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
183 sec_spark code 79.44 % 86.08 % 74.70 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
184 RAFDet code 79.41 % 87.40 % 74.61 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
185 DFAF3D 79.37 % 88.59 % 72.21 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Q. Tang, X. Bai, J. Guo, B. Pan and W. Jiang: DFAF3D: A dual-feature-aware anchor-free single-stage 3D detector for point clouds. Image and Vision Computing 2023.
186 SSL-PointGNN code 79.36 % 87.78 % 74.15 % 0.56 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
E. Erçelik, E. Yurtsever, M. Liu, Z. Yang, H. Zhang, P. Topçam, M. Listl, Y. Çaylı and A. Knoll: 3D Object Detection with a Self-supervised Lidar Scene Flow Backbone. arXiv preprint arXiv:2205.00705 2022.
187 PUDet 79.34 % 87.85 % 74.58 % 0.3 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
188 EPNet code 79.28 % 89.81 % 74.59 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
T. Huang, Z. Liu, X. Chen and X. Bai: EPNet: Enhancing Point Features with Image Semantics for 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2020.
189 DVFENet 79.18 % 86.20 % 74.58 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. He, G. Xia, Y. Luo, L. Su, Z. Zhang, W. Li and P. Wang: DVFENet: Dual-branch Voxel Feature Extraction Network for 3D Object Detection. Neurocomputing 2021.
190 AAMVFNet code 79.09 % 88.01 % 76.43 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
191 Faraway-Frustum
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 79.05 % 87.45 % 76.14 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Zhang, D. Yang, E. Yurtsever, K. Redmill and U. Ozguner: Faraway-frustum: Dealing with lidar sparsity for 3D object detection using fusion. 2021 IEEE International Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC) 2021.
192 GD-MAE 79.03 % 88.14 % 73.55 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Yang, T. He, J. Liu, H. Chen, B. Wu, B. Lin, X. He and W. Ouyang: GD-MAE: Generative Decoder for MAE Pre- training on LiDAR Point Clouds. CVPR 2023.
193 3D IoU-Net 79.03 % 87.96 % 72.78 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Li, S. Luo, Z. Zhu, H. Dai, S. Krylov, Y. Ding and L. Shao: 3D IoU-Net: IoU Guided 3D Object Detector for Point Clouds. arXiv preprint arXiv:2004.04962 2020.
194 SERCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
78.96 % 87.74 % 74.30 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
D. Zhou, J. Fang, X. Song, L. Liu, J. Yin, Y. Dai, H. Li and R. Yang: Joint 3D Instance Segmentation and Object Detection for Autonomous Driving. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2020.
195 Second_baseline code 78.94 % 85.85 % 74.28 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
196 ACDet code 78.85 % 88.47 % 73.86 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Xu, G. Wang, X. Zhang and G. Wan: ACDet: Attentive Cross-view Fusion for LiDAR-based 3D Object Detection. 3DV 2022.
197 MG 78.72 % 87.68 % 72.00 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
198 MVAF-Net code 78.71 % 87.87 % 75.48 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
G. Wang, B. Tian, Y. Zhang, L. Chen, D. Cao and J. Wu: Multi-View Adaptive Fusion Network for 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2011.00652 2020.
199 MMLab-PartA^2
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 78.49 % 87.81 % 73.51 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Shi, Z. Wang, J. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: From Points to Parts: 3D Object Detection from Point Cloud with Part-aware and Part-aggregation Network. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2020.
200 CLOCs_SecCas 78.45 % 86.38 % 72.45 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
S. Pang, D. Morris and H. Radha: CLOCs: Camera-LiDAR Object Candidates Fusion for 3D Object Detection. 2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) 2020.
201 Patches - EMP
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
78.41 % 89.84 % 73.15 % 0.5 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Lehner, A. Mitterecker, T. Adler, M. Hofmarcher, B. Nessler and S. Hochreiter: Patch Refinement: Localized 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1910.04093 2019.
202 HotSpotNet 78.31 % 87.60 % 73.34 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Q. Chen, L. Sun, Z. Wang, K. Jia and A. Yuille: object as hotspots. Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) 2020.
203 Sem-Aug-PointRCNN++ 78.06 % 86.69 % 73.85 % 0.1 s 8 cores @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
L. Zhao, M. Wang and Y. Yue: Sem-Aug: Improving Camera-LiDAR Feature Fusion With Semantic Augmentation for 3D Vehicle Detection. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2022.
204 CenterNet3D 77.90 % 86.20 % 73.03 % 0.04 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
G. Wang, B. Tian, Y. Ai, T. Xu, L. Chen and D. Cao: CenterNet3D:An Anchor free Object Detector for Autonomous Driving. 2020.
205 spark_pointpillar code 77.82 % 87.59 % 73.94 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
206 pointpillars_spark code 77.75 % 87.55 % 73.63 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
207 VoxelFSD-S 77.67 % 86.29 % 72.18 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
208 pointpillar_spark_fo 77.66 % 85.99 % 72.51 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
209 spark_pointpillar2 77.57 % 85.96 % 72.29 % 10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
210 SC-SSD 77.52 % 85.51 % 74.02 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
211 U_second_v4_ep_100_8 77.45 % 85.20 % 73.84 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
212 UberATG-MMF
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
77.43 % 88.40 % 70.22 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
M. Liang*, B. Yang*, Y. Chen, R. Hu and R. Urtasun: Multi-Task Multi-Sensor Fusion for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2019.
213 Associate-3Ddet code 77.40 % 85.99 % 70.53 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
L. Du, X. Ye, X. Tan, J. Feng, Z. Xu, E. Ding and S. Wen: Associate-3Ddet: Perceptual-to-Conceptual Association for 3D Point Cloud Object Detection. The IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2020.
214 Fast Point R-CNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
77.40 % 85.29 % 70.24 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Chen, S. Liu, X. Shen and J. Jia: Fast Point R-CNN. Proceedings of the IEEE international conference on computer vision (ICCV) 2019.
215 RangeDet (Official) code 77.36 % 85.41 % 72.60 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Fan, X. Xiong, F. Wang, N. Wang and Z. Zhang: RangeDet: In Defense of Range View for LiDAR-Based 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) 2021.
216 Patches
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
77.20 % 88.67 % 71.82 % 0.15 s GPU @ 2.0 Ghz
J. Lehner, A. Mitterecker, T. Adler, M. Hofmarcher, B. Nessler and S. Hochreiter: Patch Refinement: Localized 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1910.04093 2019.
217 u_second_v4_epoch_10 76.99 % 84.23 % 73.75 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
218 SeSame-point code 76.83 % 85.25 % 71.60 % N/A s TITAN RTX @ 1.35 Ghz (Python)
219 HRI-VoxelFPN 76.70 % 85.64 % 69.44 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Kuang, B. Wang, J. An, M. Zhang and Z. Zhang: Voxel-FPN:multi-scale voxel feature aggregation in 3D object detection from point clouds. sensors 2020.
220 SARPNET 76.64 % 85.63 % 71.31 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Ye, H. Chen, C. Zhang, X. Hao and Z. Zhang: SARPNET: Shape Attention Regional Proposal Network for LiDAR-based 3D Object Detection. Neurocomputing 2019.
221 IIOU_LDR code 76.51 % 86.95 % 71.53 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
222 3D IoU Loss
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
76.50 % 86.16 % 71.39 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
D. Zhou, J. Fang, X. Song, C. Guan, J. Yin, Y. Dai and R. Yang: IoU Loss for 2D/3D Object Detection. International Conference on 3D Vision (3DV) 2019.
223 TF-PartA2 76.39 % 86.65 % 71.67 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
224 F-ConvNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 76.39 % 87.36 % 66.69 % 0.47 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Wang and K. Jia: Frustum ConvNet: Sliding Frustums to Aggregate Local Point-Wise Features for Amodal 3D Object Detection. IROS 2019.
225 pointpillar_baseline code 76.37 % 85.29 % 71.03 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
226 ROT_S3D 76.35 % 86.56 % 71.51 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
227 BAPartA2S-4h 76.31 % 86.97 % 73.03 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
228 VSAC 76.29 % 85.06 % 71.65 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 1.0 Ghz (Python)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
229 LVFSD 76.14 % 84.18 % 71.55 % 0.06 s
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
230 SegVoxelNet 76.13 % 86.04 % 70.76 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Yi, S. Shi, M. Ding, J. Sun, K. Xu, H. Zhou, Z. Wang, S. Li and G. Wang: SegVoxelNet: Exploring Semantic Context and Depth-aware Features for 3D Vehicle Detection from Point Cloud. ICRA 2020.
231 centerpoint_pcdet 76.12 % 83.47 % 71.17 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
232 mm3d_PartA2 76.09 % 86.82 % 72.74 % 0.1 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
233 S-AT GCN 76.04 % 83.20 % 71.17 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.0 Ghz (Python)
L. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Lan and J. Li: S-AT GCN: Spatial-Attention Graph Convolution Network based Feature Enhancement for 3D Object Detection. CoRR 2021.
234 prcnn_v18_80_100 76.03 % 84.37 % 71.44 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
235 TANet code 75.94 % 84.39 % 68.82 % 0.035s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Liu, X. Zhao, T. Huang, R. Hu, Y. Zhou and X. Bai: TANet: Robust 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds with Triple Attention. AAAI 2020.
236 MMpointpillars 75.75 % 85.86 % 70.65 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
237 SFEBEV 75.74 % 86.08 % 70.59 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
238 PointRGCN 75.73 % 85.97 % 70.60 % 0.26 s GPU @ V100 (Python)
J. Zarzar, S. Giancola and B. Ghanem: PointRGCN: Graph Convolution Networks for 3D Vehicles Detection Refinement. ArXiv 2019.
239 MMLab-PointRCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 75.64 % 86.96 % 70.70 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: Pointrcnn: 3d object proposal generation and detection from point cloud. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2019.
240 voxelnext_pcdet 75.58 % 83.88 % 70.77 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
241 MEDL-U 75.56 % 85.43 % 68.79 % 1 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
242 XT-PartA2 75.56 % 85.54 % 71.02 % 0.1 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
243 AB3DMOT
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
This is an online method (no batch processing).
code 75.43 % 86.10 % 68.88 % 0.0047s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Weng and K. Kitani: A Baseline for 3D Multi-Object Tracking. arXiv:1907.03961 2019.
244 CAT2 75.33 % 84.84 % 70.07 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
245 R-GCN 75.26 % 83.42 % 68.73 % 0.16 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Zarzar, S. Giancola and B. Ghanem: PointRGCN: Graph Convolution Networks for 3D Vehicles Detection Refinement. ArXiv 2019.
246 epBRM
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 75.15 % 85.00 % 69.84 % 0.1 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
K. Shin: Improving a Quality of 3D Object Detection by Spatial Transformation Mechanism. arXiv preprint arXiv:1910.04853 2019.
247 SeSame-voxel code 75.05 % 81.51 % 70.53 % N/A s TITAN RTX @ 1.35 Ghz (Python)
248 MAFF-Net(DAF-Pillar) 75.04 % 85.52 % 67.61 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Zhang, Z. Liang, M. Zhang, X. Zhao, Y. Ming, T. Wenming and S. Pu: MAFF-Net: Filter False Positive for 3D Vehicle Detection with Multi-modal Adaptive Feature Fusion. arXiv preprint arXiv:2009.10945 2020.
249 HA PillarNet 74.89 % 83.83 % 70.11 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
250 PASS-PointPillar 74.85 % 84.72 % 69.05 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Anonymous: Leveraging Anchor-based LiDAR 3D Object Detection via Point Assisted Sample Selection. will submit to computer vision conference/journal 2024.
251 PI-RCNN 74.82 % 84.37 % 70.03 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
L. Xie, C. Xiang, Z. Yu, G. Xu, Z. Yang, D. Cai and X. He: PI-RCNN: An Efficient Multi-sensor 3D Object Detector with Point-based Attentive Cont-conv Fusion Module. AAAI 2020 : The Thirty-Fourth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2020.
252 P2P code 74.76 % 85.47 % 67.96 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
253 WA 74.59 % 84.80 % 67.27 % 0.3 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
254 mmFUSION code 74.38 % 85.24 % 69.43 % 1s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Ahmad and A. Del Bue: mmFUSION: Multimodal Fusion for 3D Objects Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2311.04058 2023.
255 MMpp 74.34 % 83.64 % 68.02 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
256 PointPillars
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 74.31 % 82.58 % 68.99 % 16 ms 1080ti GPU and Intel i7 CPU
A. Lang, S. Vora, H. Caesar, L. Zhou, J. Yang and O. Beijbom: PointPillars: Fast Encoders for Object Detection from Point Clouds. CVPR 2019.
257 HINTED 74.13 % 84.00 % 67.03 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
258 ARPNET 74.04 % 84.69 % 68.64 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Ye, C. Zhang and X. Hao: ARPNET: attention region proposal network for 3D object detection. Science China Information Sciences 2019.
259 Harmonic PointPillar code 73.96 % 82.26 % 69.21 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Zhang, J. Mekala, Z. Nain, J. Park and H. Jung: 3D Harmonic Loss: Towards Task-consistent and Time-friendly 3D Object Detection for V2X Orchestration. will submit to IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 2022.
260 SeSame-pillar code 73.85 % 83.88 % 68.65 % N/A s TITAN RTX @ 1.35 Ghz (Python)
261 PC-CNN-V2
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
73.79 % 85.57 % 65.65 % 0.5 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Matlab + C/C++)
X. Du, M. Ang, S. Karaman and D. Rus: A General Pipeline for 3D Detection of Vehicles. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) 2018.
262 C-GCN 73.62 % 83.49 % 67.01 % 0.147 s GPU @ V100 (Python)
J. Zarzar, S. Giancola and B. Ghanem: PointRGCN: Graph Convolution Networks for 3D Vehicles Detection Refinement. ArXiv 2019.
263 3DBN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
73.53 % 83.77 % 66.23 % 0.13s 1080Ti (Python+C/C++)
X. Li, J. Guivant, N. Kwok and Y. Xu: 3D Backbone Network for 3D Object Detection. CoRR 2019.
264 PointRGBNet 73.49 % 83.99 % 68.56 % 0.08 s 4 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
P. Xie Desheng: Real-time Detection of 3D Objects Based on Multi-Sensor Information Fusion. Automotive Engineering 2022.
265 SCNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
73.17 % 83.34 % 67.93 % 0.04 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
Z. Wang, H. Fu, L. Wang, L. Xiao and B. Dai: SCNet: Subdivision Coding Network for Object Detection Based on 3D Point Cloud. IEEE Access 2019.
266 SeSame-pillar w/scor code 73.15 % 82.32 % 66.64 % N/A s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
267 PFF3D
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 72.93 % 81.11 % 67.24 % 0.05 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
L. Wen and K. Jo: Fast and Accurate 3D Object Detection for Lidar-Camera-Based Autonomous Vehicles Using One Shared Voxel-Based Backbone. IEEE Access 2021.
268 MM_SECOND code 72.68 % 82.02 % 66.27 % 0.05 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
269 DASS 72.31 % 81.85 % 65.99 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.0 Ghz (Python)
O. Unal, L. Van Gool and D. Dai: Improving Point Cloud Semantic Segmentation by Learning 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV) 2021.
270 AVOD-FPN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 71.76 % 83.07 % 65.73 % 0.1 s Titan X (Pascal)
J. Ku, M. Mozifian, J. Lee, A. Harakeh and S. Waslander: Joint 3D Proposal Generation and Object Detection from View Aggregation. IROS 2018.
271 PointPainting
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
71.70 % 82.11 % 67.08 % 0.4 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Vora, A. Lang, B. Helou and O. Beijbom: PointPainting: Sequential Fusion for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
272 PI-SECOND code 71.46 % 81.62 % 66.26 % 0.05 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
273 DFSemONet(Baseline) 71.24 % 81.63 % 64.89 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
274 MVAF-Net(3-classes) 70.88 % 82.89 % 64.47 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
275 ODGS 70.85 % 78.39 % 64.81 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
276 WS3D
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
70.59 % 80.99 % 64.23 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Q. Meng, W. Wang, T. Zhou, J. Shen, L. Van Gool and D. Dai: Weakly Supervised 3D Object Detection from Lidar Point Cloud. 2020.
277 F-PointNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 69.79 % 82.19 % 60.59 % 0.17 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
C. Qi, W. Liu, C. Wu, H. Su and L. Guibas: Frustum PointNets for 3D Object Detection from RGB-D Data. arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.08488 2017.
278 EOTL code 69.13 % 79.97 % 58.57 % TBD s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
R. Yang, Z. Yan, T. Yang, Y. Wang and Y. Ruichek: Efficient Online Transfer Learning for Road Participants Detection in Autonomous Driving. IEEE Sensors Journal 2023.
279 MVAF-Net(3-classes) 69.07 % 81.66 % 64.00 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
280 UberATG-ContFuse
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
68.78 % 83.68 % 61.67 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
M. Liang, B. Yang, S. Wang and R. Urtasun: Deep Continuous Fusion for Multi-Sensor 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2018.
281 MLOD
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 67.76 % 77.24 % 62.05 % 0.12 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Deng and K. Czarnecki: MLOD: A multi-view 3D object detection based on robust feature fusion method. arXiv preprint arXiv:1909.04163 2019.
282 DSGN++
This method uses stereo information.
code 67.37 % 83.21 % 59.91 % 0.2 s GeForce RTX 2080Ti
Y. Chen, S. Huang, S. Liu, B. Yu and J. Jia: DSGN++: Exploiting Visual-Spatial Relation for Stereo-Based 3D Detectors. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2022.
283 DMF
This method uses stereo information.
67.33 % 77.55 % 62.44 % 0.2 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. J. Chen and W. Xu: Disparity-Based Multiscale Fusion Network for Transportation Detection. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2022.
284 AVOD
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 66.47 % 76.39 % 60.23 % 0.08 s Titan X (pascal)
J. Ku, M. Mozifian, J. Lee, A. Harakeh and S. Waslander: Joint 3D Proposal Generation and Object Detection from View Aggregation. IROS 2018.
285 StereoDistill 66.39 % 81.66 % 57.39 % 0.4 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Liu, X. Ye, X. Tan, D. Errui, Y. Zhou and X. Bai: StereoDistill: Pick the Cream from LiDAR for Distilling Stereo-based 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2023.
286 MMLAB LIGA-Stereo
This method uses stereo information.
code 64.66 % 81.39 % 57.22 % 0.4 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. Guo, S. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: LIGA-Stereo: Learning LiDAR Geometry Aware Representations for Stereo-based 3D Detector. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) 2021.
287 BirdNet+
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 64.04 % 76.15 % 59.79 % 0.11 s Titan Xp (PyTorch)
A. Barrera, J. Beltrán, C. Guindel, J. Iglesias and F. García: BirdNet+: Two-Stage 3D Object Detection in LiDAR through a Sparsity-Invariant Bird’s Eye View. IEEE Access 2021.
288 MV3D
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
63.63 % 74.97 % 54.00 % 0.36 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. Chen, H. Ma, J. Wan, B. Li and T. Xia: Multi-View 3D Object Detection Network for Autonomous Driving. CVPR 2017.
289 SNVC
This method uses stereo information.
code 61.34 % 78.54 % 54.23 % 1 s GPU @ 1.0 Ghz (Python)
S. Li, Z. Liu, Z. Shen and K. Cheng: Stereo Neural Vernier Caliper. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2022.
290 RCD 60.56 % 70.54 % 55.58 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
A. Bewley, P. Sun, T. Mensink, D. Anguelov and C. Sminchisescu: Range Conditioned Dilated Convolutions for Scale Invariant 3D Object Detection. Conference on Robot Learning (CoRL) 2020.
291 SeSame-point w/score code 56.92 % 74.30 % 48.14 % N/A s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
292 A3DODWTDA
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 56.82 % 62.84 % 48.12 % 0.08 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
F. Gustafsson and E. Linder-Norén: Automotive 3D Object Detection Without Target Domain Annotations. 2018.
293 PL++ (SDN+GDC)
This method uses stereo information.
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 54.88 % 68.38 % 49.16 % 0.6 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. You, Y. Wang, W. Chao, D. Garg, G. Pleiss, B. Hariharan, M. Campbell and K. Weinberger: Pseudo-LiDAR++: Accurate Depth for 3D Object Detection in Autonomous Driving. International Conference on Learning Representations 2020.
294 MV3D (LIDAR)
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
54.54 % 68.35 % 49.16 % 0.24 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. Chen, H. Ma, J. Wan, B. Li and T. Xia: Multi-View 3D Object Detection Network for Autonomous Driving. CVPR 2017.
295 CDN
This method uses stereo information.
code 54.22 % 74.52 % 46.36 % 0.6 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
D. Garg, Y. Wang, B. Hariharan, M. Campbell, K. Weinberger and W. Chao: Wasserstein Distances for Stereo Disparity Estimation. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS) 2020.
296 CG-Stereo
This method uses stereo information.
53.58 % 74.39 % 46.50 % 0.57 s GeForce RTX 2080 Ti
C. Li, J. Ku and S. Waslander: Confidence Guided Stereo 3D Object Detection with Split Depth Estimation. IROS 2020.
297 DSGN
This method uses stereo information.
code 52.18 % 73.50 % 45.14 % 0.67 s NVIDIA Tesla V100
Y. Chen, S. Liu, X. Shen and J. Jia: DSGN: Deep Stereo Geometry Network for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
298 BirdNet+ (legacy)
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 51.85 % 70.14 % 50.03 % 0.1 s Titan Xp (PyTorch)
A. Barrera, C. Guindel, J. Beltrán and F. García: BirdNet+: End-to-End 3D Object Detection in LiDAR Bird’s Eye View. 2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2020.
299 Complexer-YOLO
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
47.34 % 55.93 % 42.60 % 0.06 s GPU @ 3.5 Ghz (C/C++)
M. Simon, K. Amende, A. Kraus, J. Honer, T. Samann, H. Kaulbersch, S. Milz and H. Michael Gross: Complexer-YOLO: Real-Time 3D Object Detection and Tracking on Semantic Point Clouds. The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops 2019.
300 SeSame-voxel w/score code 47.14 % 61.57 % 41.06 % N/A s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
301 ESGN
This method uses stereo information.
46.39 % 65.80 % 38.42 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
A. Gao, Y. Pang, J. Nie, Z. Shao, J. Cao, Y. Guo and X. Li: ESGN: Efficient Stereo Geometry Network for Fast 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2022.
302 Disp R-CNN (velo)
This method uses stereo information.
code 45.78 % 68.21 % 37.73 % 0.387 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Sun, L. Chen, Y. Xie, S. Zhang, Q. Jiang, X. Zhou and H. Bao: Disp R-CNN: Stereo 3D Object Detection via Shape Prior Guided Instance Disparity Estimation. CVPR 2020.
303 CDN-PL++
This method uses stereo information.
44.86 % 64.31 % 38.11 % 0.4 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
D. Garg, Y. Wang, B. Hariharan, M. Campbell, K. Weinberger and W. Chao: Wasserstein Distances for Stereo Disparity Estimation. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 2020.
304 Disp R-CNN
This method uses stereo information.
code 43.27 % 67.02 % 36.43 % 0.387 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Sun, L. Chen, Y. Xie, S. Zhang, Q. Jiang, X. Zhou and H. Bao: Disp R-CNN: Stereo 3D Object Detection via Shape Prior Guided Instance Disparity Estimation. CVPR 2020.
305 Pseudo-LiDAR++
This method uses stereo information.
code 42.43 % 61.11 % 36.99 % 0.4 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. You, Y. Wang, W. Chao, D. Garg, G. Pleiss, B. Hariharan, M. Campbell and K. Weinberger: Pseudo-LiDAR++: Accurate Depth for 3D Object Detection in Autonomous Driving. International Conference on Learning Representations 2020.
306 TS3D
This method uses stereo information.
41.29 % 64.61 % 30.68 % 0.09 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
307 YOLOStereo3D
This method uses stereo information.
code 41.25 % 65.68 % 30.42 % 0.1 s GPU 1080Ti
Y. Liu, L. Wang and M. Liu: YOLOStereo3D: A Step Back to 2D for Efficient Stereo 3D Detection. 2021 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) 2021.
308 RT3D-GMP
This method uses stereo information.
38.76 % 45.79 % 30.00 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Königshof and C. Stiller: Learning-Based Shape Estimation with Grid Map Patches for Realtime 3D Object Detection for Automated Driving. 2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2020.
309 ZoomNet
This method uses stereo information.
code 38.64 % 55.98 % 30.97 % 0.3 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Z. Xu: ZoomNet: Part-Aware Adaptive Zooming Neural Network for 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2020.
310 OC Stereo
This method uses stereo information.
code 37.60 % 55.15 % 30.25 % 0.35 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
A. Pon, J. Ku, C. Li and S. Waslander: Object-Centric Stereo Matching for 3D Object Detection. ICRA 2020.
311 SST [st]
This method uses stereo information.
35.49 % 57.02 % 31.03 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
312 BKDStereo3D code 35.23 % 59.38 % 25.24 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
313 Pseudo-Lidar
This method uses stereo information.
code 34.05 % 54.53 % 28.25 % 0.4 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Wang, W. Chao, D. Garg, B. Hariharan, M. Campbell and K. Weinberger: Pseudo-LiDAR From Visual Depth Estimation: Bridging the Gap in 3D Object Detection for Autonomous Driving. The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2019.
314 BKDStereo3D w/o KD code 32.08 % 56.72 % 23.74 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
315 Stereo CenterNet
This method uses stereo information.
31.30 % 49.94 % 25.62 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Shi, Y. Guo, Z. Mi and X. Li: Stereo CenterNet-based 3D object detection for autonomous driving. Neurocomputing 2022.
316 Stereo R-CNN
This method uses stereo information.
code 30.23 % 47.58 % 23.72 % 0.3 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
P. Li, X. Chen and S. Shen: Stereo R-CNN based 3D Object Detection for Autonomous Driving. CVPR 2019.
317 BirdNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
27.26 % 40.99 % 25.32 % 0.11 s Titan Xp (Caffe)
J. Beltrán, C. Guindel, F. Moreno, D. Cruzado, F. García and A. Escalera: BirdNet: A 3D Object Detection Framework from LiDAR Information. 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2018.
318 DA3D+KM3D+v2-99 26.80 % 34.72 % 23.05 % 0.120s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
319 CIE + DM3D 25.02 % 35.96 % 21.47 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Ananimities: Consistency of Implicit and Explicit Features Matters for Monocular 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2207.07933 2022.
320 RT3DStereo
This method uses stereo information.
23.28 % 29.90 % 18.96 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Königshof, N. Salscheider and C. Stiller: Realtime 3D Object Detection for Automated Driving Using Stereo Vision and Semantic Information. Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. Intelligent Transportation Systems 2019.
321 SVDM-VIEW 23.07 % 39.40 % 19.52 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
322 DA3D+KM3D 22.08 % 30.83 % 19.20 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
323 MonoTRKDv2 21.87 % 30.26 % 18.87 % 40 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
324 MonoTAKD V2 21.26 % 29.86 % 18.27 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
325 CIE 20.95 % 31.55 % 17.83 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Anonymities: Consistency of Implicit and Explicit Features Matters for Monocular 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2207.07933 2022.
326 DA3D 20.47 % 27.76 % 17.89 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
327 MonoLTKD 19.43 % 27.91 % 16.51 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
328 MonoLTKD_V3 19.42 % 27.91 % 16.51 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
329 MonoTAKD 19.42 % 27.91 % 16.51 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
330 MonoLSS 19.15 % 26.11 % 16.94 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Li, J. Jia and Y. Shi: MonoLSS: Learnable Sample Selection For Monocular 3D Detection. International Conference on 3D Vision 2024.
331 RT3D
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
19.14 % 23.74 % 18.86 % 0.09 s GPU @ 1.8Ghz
Y. Zeng, Y. Hu, S. Liu, J. Ye, Y. Han, X. Li and N. Sun: RT3D: Real-Time 3-D Vehicle Detection in LiDAR Point Cloud for Autonomous Driving. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2018.
332 MonoInsight 19.04 % 27.71 % 16.03 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
333 MonoInsight 19.04 % 27.71 % 16.03 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
334 NeurOCS 18.94 % 29.89 % 15.90 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Min, B. Zhuang, S. Schulter, B. Liu, E. Dunn and M. Chandraker: NeurOCS: Neural NOCS Supervision for Monocular 3D Object Localization. CVPR 2023.
335 MonoLiG code 18.86 % 24.90 % 16.79 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
A. Hekimoglu, M. Schmidt and A. Ramiro: Monocular 3D Object Detection with LiDAR Guided Semi Supervised Active Learning. 2023.
336 CMKD code 18.69 % 28.55 % 16.77 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Hong, H. Dai and Y. Ding: Cross-Modality Knowledge Distillation Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
337 MonoAux-v2 code 18.55 % 26.00 % 15.79 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
338 Mix-Teaching code 18.54 % 26.89 % 15.79 % 30 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Yang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, M. Zhu, C. Zhang and J. Li: Mix-Teaching: A Simple, Unified and Effective Semi-Supervised Learning Framework for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ArXiv 2022.
339 StereoFENet
This method uses stereo information.
18.41 % 29.14 % 14.20 % 0.15 s 1 core @ 3.5 Ghz (Python)
W. Bao, B. Xu and Z. Chen: MonoFENet: Monocular 3D Object Detection with Feature Enhancement Networks. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 2019.
340 Anonymous 18.19 % 25.48 % 14.27 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
341 SHUD 18.18 % 28.41 % 15.11 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
342 SH3D 18.12 % 26.80 % 15.42 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
343 MonoSample (DID-M3D) 18.05 % 28.63 % 15.19 % 0.2 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
344 TBD 17.97 % 28.50 % 15.03 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
345 LPCG-Monoflex code 17.80 % 25.56 % 15.38 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Peng, F. Liu, Z. Yu, S. Yan, D. Deng, Z. Yang, H. Liu and D. Cai: Lidar Point Cloud Guided Monocular 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
346 PS-fld code 17.74 % 23.74 % 15.14 % 0.25 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Chen, H. Dai and Y. Ding: Pseudo-Stereo for Monocular 3D Object Detection in Autonomous Driving. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2022.
347 MonoSTL 17.14 % 24.54 % 14.59 % na s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
348 MonoDDE 17.14 % 24.93 % 15.10 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Li, Z. Qu, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, H. Wang and L. Jiang: Diversity Matters: Fully Exploiting Depth Clues for Reliable Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2022.
349 MonoCDiT 17.13 % 23.52 % 14.37 % 0.05 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
350 MonoNeRD code 17.13 % 22.75 % 15.63 % na s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Xu, L. Peng, H. Cheng, H. Li, W. Qian, K. Li, W. Wang and D. Cai: MonoNeRD: NeRF-like Representations for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ICCV 2023.
351 OPA-3D code 17.05 % 24.60 % 14.25 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 3.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Su, Y. Di, G. Zhai, F. Manhardt, J. Rambach, B. Busam, D. Stricker and F. Tombari: OPA-3D: Occlusion-Aware Pixel-Wise Aggregation for Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2023.
352 Mobile Stereo R-CNN
This method uses stereo information.
17.04 % 26.97 % 13.26 % 1.8 s NVIDIA Jetson TX2
M. Hussein, M. Khalil and B. Abdullah: 3D Object Detection using Mobile Stereo R- CNN on Nvidia Jetson TX2. International Conference on Advanced Engineering, Technology and Applications (ICAETA) 2021.
353 MonoAux 16.90 % 23.87 % 14.09 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
354 DD3D code 16.87 % 23.19 % 14.36 % n/a s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
D. Park, R. Ambrus, V. Guizilini, J. Li and A. Gaidon: Is Pseudo-Lidar needed for Monocular 3D Object detection?. IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) .
355 ADD code 16.81 % 25.61 % 13.79 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Wu, Y. Wu, J. Pu, X. Li and X. Wang: Attention-based Depth Distillation with 3D-Aware Positional Encoding for Monocular 3D Object Detection. AAAI2023 .
356 MonoSGC 16.77 % 27.01 % 14.61 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
357 MonoUNI code 16.73 % 24.75 % 13.49 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Jia, Z. Li and Y. Shi: MonoUNI: A Unified Vehicle and Infrastructure-side Monocular 3D Object Detection Network with Sufficient Depth Clues. Thirty-seventh Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems 2023.
358 MOPNet code 16.67 % 26.95 % 14.33 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
359 LWLANet code 16.67 % 26.74 % 14.33 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
360 MonoCD code 16.59 % 25.53 % 14.53 % n/a s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
L. Yan, P. Yan, S. Xiong, X. Xiang and Y. Tan: MonoCD: Monocular 3D Object Detection with Complementary Depths. CVPR 2024.
361 FDGNet code 16.53 % 27.22 % 13.52 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
362 MSFENet code 16.49 % 26.30 % 13.55 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
363 BA2-Det+MonoFlex 16.30 % 23.45 % 13.50 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
364 DID-M3D code 16.29 % 24.40 % 13.75 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
L. Peng, X. Wu, Z. Yang, H. Liu and D. Cai: DID-M3D: Decoupling Instance Depth for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
365 MonoDETR code 16.26 % 24.52 % 13.93 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
R. Zhang, H. Qiu, T. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Guo, Y. Qiao, P. Gao and H. Li: MonoDETR: Depth-aware Transformer for Monocular 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2203.13310 2022.
366 MonoFRD 16.24 % 21.11 % 14.97 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
367 DCD code 15.90 % 23.81 % 13.21 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. He and Z. Zhang: Densely Constrained Depth Estimator for Monocular 3D Object Detection. European Conference on Computer Vision 2022.
368 DE_Fusion 15.62 % 24.33 % 12.62 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
369 MonoRoIDepth 15.51 % 23.62 % 12.43 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
370 MonoDTR 15.39 % 21.99 % 12.73 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
K. Huang, T. Wu, H. Su and W. Hsu: MonoDTR: Monocular 3D Object Detection with Depth-Aware Transformer. CVPR 2022.
371 GUPNet code 15.02 % 22.26 % 13.12 % NA s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Lu, X. Ma, L. Yang, T. Zhang, Y. Liu, Q. Chu, J. Yan and W. Ouyang: Geometry Uncertainty Projection Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2107.13774 2021.
372 Cube R-CNN code 15.01 % 23.59 % 12.56 % 0.05 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
G. Brazil, A. Kumar, J. Straub, N. Ravi, J. Johnson and G. Gkioxari: Omni3D: A Large Benchmark and Model for 3D Object Detection in the Wild. CVPR 2023.
373 HomoLoss(monoflex) code 14.94 % 21.75 % 13.07 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Gu, B. Wu, L. Fan, J. Huang, S. Cao, Z. Xiang and X. Hua: Homography Loss for Monocular 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2022.
374 MonoSIM_v2 14.74 % 21.69 % 13.08 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
375 SGM3D code 14.65 % 22.46 % 12.97 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Z. Zhou, L. Du, X. Ye, Z. Zou, X. Tan, L. Zhang, X. Xue and J. Feng: SGM3D: Stereo Guided Monocular 3D Object Detection. RA-L 2022.
376 MDSNet 14.46 % 24.30 % 11.12 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Xie, Y. Song, J. Wu, Z. Li, C. Song and Z. Xu: MDS-Net: Multi-Scale Depth Stratification 3D Object Detection from Monocular Images. Sensors 2022.
377 DEVIANT code 14.46 % 21.88 % 11.89 % 0.04 s 1 GPU (Python)
A. Kumar, G. Brazil, E. Corona, A. Parchami and X. Liu: DEVIANT: Depth EquiVarIAnt NeTwork for Monocular 3D Object Detection. European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) 2022.
378 DLE code 14.33 % 24.23 % 10.30 % 0.06 s NVIDIA Tesla V100
C. Liu, S. Gu, L. Gool and R. Timofte: Deep Line Encoding for Monocular 3D Object Detection and Depth Prediction. Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference (BMVC) 2021.
379 AutoShape code 14.17 % 22.47 % 11.36 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Z. Liu, D. Zhou, F. Lu, J. Fang and L. Zhang: AutoShape: Real-Time Shape-Aware Monocular 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision 2021.
380 MonoFlex 13.89 % 19.94 % 12.07 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Zhang, J. Lu and J. Zhou: Objects are Different: Flexible Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021.
381 MonoEF 13.87 % 21.29 % 11.71 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Zhou, Y. He, H. Zhu, C. Wang, H. Li and Q. Jiang: Monocular 3D Object Detection: An Extrinsic Parameter Free Approach. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2021.
382 MonoRCNN++ code 13.72 % 20.08 % 11.34 % 0.07 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Shi, Z. Chen and T. Kim: Multivariate Probabilistic Monocular 3D Object Detection. WACV 2023.
383 MonoSIM 13.72 % 20.24 % 12.29 % 0.16 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
384 DFR-Net 13.63 % 19.40 % 10.35 % 0.18 s 1080 Ti (Pytorch)
Z. Zou, X. Ye, L. Du, X. Cheng, X. Tan, L. Zhang, J. Feng, X. Xue and E. Ding: The devil is in the task: Exploiting reciprocal appearance-localization features for monocular 3d object detection . ICCV 2021.
385 CaDDN code 13.41 % 19.17 % 11.46 % 0.63 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
C. Reading, A. Harakeh, J. Chae and S. Waslander: Categorical Depth Distribution Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021.
386 PCT code 13.37 % 21.00 % 11.31 % 0.045 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Zhu, Z. Zhang, T. He, M. Li and X. Xue: Progressive Coordinate Transforms for Monocular 3D Object Detection. NeurIPS 2021.
387 Ground-Aware code 13.25 % 21.65 % 9.91 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Liu, Y. Yuan and M. Liu: Ground-aware Monocular 3D Object Detection for Autonomous Driving. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2021.
388 FMF-occlusion-net 13.12 % 20.28 % 9.56 % 0.16 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Liu, H. Liu, Y. Wang, F. Sun and W. Huang: Fine-grained Multi-level Fusion for Anti- occlusion Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 2022.
389 Aug3D-RPN 12.99 % 17.82 % 9.78 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
C. He, J. Huang, X. Hua and L. Zhang: Aug3D-RPN: Improving Monocular 3D Object Detection by Synthetic Images with Virtual Depth. 2021.
390 HomoLoss(imvoxelnet) code 12.99 % 20.10 % 10.50 % 0.20 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Gu, B. Wu, L. Fan, J. Huang, S. Cao, Z. Xiang and X. Hua: Homogrpahy Loss for Monocular 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2022.
391 DDMP-3D 12.78 % 19.71 % 9.80 % 0.18 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
L. Wang, L. Du, X. Ye, Y. Fu, G. Guo, X. Xue, J. Feng and L. Zhang: Depth-conditioned Dynamic Message Propagation for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
392 Kinematic3D code 12.72 % 19.07 % 9.17 % 0.12 s 1 core @ 1.5 Ghz (C/C++)
G. Brazil, G. Pons-Moll, X. Liu and B. Schiele: Kinematic 3D Object Detection in Monocular Video. ECCV 2020 .
393 MonoRCNN code 12.65 % 18.36 % 10.03 % 0.07 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Shi, Q. Ye, X. Chen, C. Chen, Z. Chen and T. Kim: Geometry-based Distance Decomposition for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ICCV 2021.
394 GrooMeD-NMS code 12.32 % 18.10 % 9.65 % 0.12 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
A. Kumar, G. Brazil and X. Liu: GrooMeD-NMS: Grouped Mathematically Differentiable NMS for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021.
395 MonoRUn code 12.30 % 19.65 % 10.58 % 0.07 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Chen, Y. Huang, W. Tian, Z. Gao and L. Xiong: MonoRUn: Monocular 3D Object Detection by Reconstruction and Uncertainty Propagation. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2021.
396 monodle code 12.26 % 17.23 % 10.29 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Ma, Y. Zhang, D. Xu, D. Zhou, S. Yi, H. Li and W. Ouyang: Delving into Localization Errors for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021 .
397 YoloMono3D code 12.06 % 18.28 % 8.42 % 0.05 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Liu, L. Wang and L. Ming: YOLOStereo3D: A Step Back to 2D for Efficient Stereo 3D Detection. 2021 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) 2021.
398 IAFA 12.01 % 17.81 % 10.61 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
D. Zhou, X. Song, Y. Dai, J. Yin, F. Lu, M. Liao, J. Fang and L. Zhang: IAFA: Instance-Aware Feature Aggregation for 3D Object Detection from a Single Image. Proceedings of the Asian Conference on Computer Vision 2020.
399 MonOAPC 12.00 % 18.77 % 9.75 % 0035 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Yao, J. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Wang, P. Han, X. Chai and Y. Qiu: Occlusion-Aware Plane-Constraints for Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2023.
400 GAC3D 12.00 % 17.75 % 9.15 % 0.25 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
M. Bui, D. Ngo, H. Pham and D. Nguyen: GAC3D: improving monocular 3D object detection with ground-guide model and adaptive convolution. 2021.
401 CMAN 11.87 % 17.77 % 9.16 % 0.15 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
C. Yuanzhouhan Cao: CMAN: Leaning Global Structure Correlation for Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Trans. Intell. Transport. Syst. 2022.
402 PGD-FCOS3D code 11.76 % 19.05 % 9.39 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
T. Wang, X. Zhu, J. Pang and D. Lin: Probabilistic and Geometric Depth: Detecting Objects in Perspective. Conference on Robot Learning (CoRL) 2021.
403 D4LCN code 11.72 % 16.65 % 9.51 % 0.2 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
M. Ding, Y. Huo, H. Yi, Z. Wang, J. Shi, Z. Lu and P. Luo: Learning Depth-Guided Convolutions for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
404 KM3D code 11.45 % 16.73 % 9.92 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
P. Li: Monocular 3D Detection with Geometric Constraints Embedding and Semi-supervised Training. 2020.
405 RefinedMPL 11.14 % 18.09 % 8.94 % 0.15 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Vianney, S. Aich and B. Liu: RefinedMPL: Refined Monocular PseudoLiDAR for 3D Object Detection in Autonomous Driving. arXiv preprint arXiv:1911.09712 2019.
406 PatchNet code 11.12 % 15.68 % 10.17 % 0.4 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
X. Ma, S. Liu, Z. Xia, H. Zhang, X. Zeng and W. Ouyang: Rethinking Pseudo-LiDAR Representation. Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) 2020.
407 MonoAIU 11.02 % 15.73 % 8.82 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
408 ImVoxelNet code 10.97 % 17.15 % 9.15 % 0.2 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
D. Rukhovich, A. Vorontsova and A. Konushin: ImVoxelNet: Image to Voxels Projection for Monocular and Multi-View General-Purpose 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2106.01178 2021.
409 AM3D 10.74 % 16.50 % 9.52 % 0.4 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. Ma, Z. Wang, H. Li, P. Zhang, W. Ouyang and X. Fan: Accurate Monocular Object Detection via Color- Embedded 3D Reconstruction for Autonomous Driving. Proceedings of the IEEE international Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) 2019.
410 RTM3D code 10.34 % 14.41 % 8.77 % 0.05 s GPU @ 1.0 Ghz (Python)
P. Li, H. Zhao, P. Liu and F. Cao: RTM3D: Real-time Monocular 3D Detection from Object Keypoints for Autonomous Driving. 2020.
411 MonoPair 9.99 % 13.04 % 8.65 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Chen, L. Tai, K. Sun and M. Li: MonoPair: Monocular 3D Object Detection Using Pairwise Spatial Relationships. The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2020.
412 Neighbor-Vote 9.90 % 15.57 % 8.89 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Chu, J. Deng, Y. Li, Z. Yuan, Y. Zhang, J. Ji and Y. Zhang: Neighbor-Vote: Improving Monocular 3D Object Detection through Neighbor Distance Voting. ACM MM 2021.
413 SMOKE code 9.76 % 14.03 % 7.84 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Liu, Z. Wu and R. Tóth: SMOKE: Single-Stage Monocular 3D Object Detection via Keypoint Estimation. 2020.
414 M3D-RPN code 9.71 % 14.76 % 7.42 % 0.16 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
G. Brazil and X. Liu: M3D-RPN: Monocular 3D Region Proposal Network for Object Detection . ICCV 2019 .
415 QD-3DT
This is an online method (no batch processing).
code 9.33 % 12.81 % 7.86 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Hu, Y. Yang, T. Fischer, F. Yu, T. Darrell and M. Sun: Monocular Quasi-Dense 3D Object Tracking. ArXiv:2103.07351 2021.
416 TopNet-HighRes
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
9.28 % 12.67 % 7.95 % 101ms NVIDIA GeForce 1080 Ti (tensorflow-gpu)
S. Wirges, T. Fischer, C. Stiller and J. Frias: Object Detection and Classification in Occupancy Grid Maps Using Deep Convolutional Networks. 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2018.
417 MonoCInIS 7.94 % 15.82 % 6.68 % 0,13 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Heylen, M. De Wolf, B. Dawagne, M. Proesmans, L. Van Gool, W. Abbeloos, H. Abdelkawy and D. Reino: MonoCInIS: Camera Independent Monocular 3D Object Detection using Instance Segmentation. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision 2021.
418 Plane-Constraints code 7.88 % 11.29 % 6.48 % 0.05 s 4 cores @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
H. Yao, J. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Wang, X. Chai, Y. Qiu and P. Han: Vertex points are not enough: Monocular 3D object detection via intra-and inter-plane constraints. Neural Networks 2023.
419 SS3D 7.68 % 10.78 % 6.51 % 48 ms Tesla V100 (Python)
E. Jörgensen, C. Zach and F. Kahl: Monocular 3D Object Detection and Box Fitting Trained End-to-End Using Intersection-over-Union Loss. CoRR 2019.
420 MonoCInIS 7.66 % 15.21 % 6.24 % 0,14 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Heylen, M. De Wolf, B. Dawagne, M. Proesmans, L. Van Gool, W. Abbeloos, H. Abdelkawy and D. Reino: MonoCInIS: Camera Independent Monocular 3D Object Detection using Instance Segmentation. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision 2021.
421 Mono3D_PLiDAR code 7.50 % 10.76 % 6.10 % 0.1 s NVIDIA GeForce 1080 (pytorch)
X. Weng and K. Kitani: Monocular 3D Object Detection with Pseudo-LiDAR Point Cloud. arXiv:1903.09847 2019.
422 mdab 7.47 % 11.55 % 6.27 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
423 MonoPSR code 7.25 % 10.76 % 5.85 % 0.2 s GPU @ 3.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Ku*, A. Pon* and S. Waslander: Monocular 3D Object Detection Leveraging Accurate Proposals and Shape Reconstruction. CVPR 2019.
424 Decoupled-3D 7.02 % 11.08 % 5.63 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Cai, B. Li, Z. Jiao, H. Li, X. Zeng and X. Wang: Monocular 3D Object Detection with Decoupled Structured Polygon Estimation and Height-Guided Depth Estimation. AAAI 2020.
425 mdab 6.94 % 10.52 % 5.18 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
426 VoxelJones code 6.35 % 7.39 % 5.80 % .18 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
M. Motro and J. Ghosh: Vehicular Multi-object Tracking with Persistent Detector Failures. arXiv preprint arXiv:1907.11306 2019.
427 MonoGRNet code 5.74 % 9.61 % 4.25 % 0.04s NVIDIA P40
Z. Qin, J. Wang and Y. Lu: MonoGRNet: A Geometric Reasoning Network for 3D Object Localization. The Thirty-Third AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-19) 2019.
428 A3DODWTDA (image) code 5.27 % 6.88 % 4.45 % 0.8 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
F. Gustafsson and E. Linder-Norén: Automotive 3D Object Detection Without Target Domain Annotations. 2018.
429 MonoFENet 5.14 % 8.35 % 4.10 % 0.15 s 1 core @ 3.5 Ghz (Python)
W. Bao, B. Xu and Z. Chen: MonoFENet: Monocular 3D Object Detection with Feature Enhancement Networks. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 2019.
430 TLNet (Stereo)
This method uses stereo information.
code 4.37 % 7.64 % 3.74 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Qin, J. Wang and Y. Lu: Triangulation Learning Network: from Monocular to Stereo 3D Object Detection. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2019.
431 CSoR
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
4.06 % 5.61 % 3.17 % 3.5 s 4 cores @ >3.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
L. Plotkin: PyDriver: Entwicklung eines Frameworks für räumliche Detektion und Klassifikation von Objekten in Fahrzeugumgebung. 2015.
432 Shift R-CNN (mono) code 3.87 % 6.88 % 2.83 % 0.25 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
A. Naiden, V. Paunescu, G. Kim, B. Jeon and M. Leordeanu: Shift R-CNN: Deep Monocular 3D Object Detection With Closed-form Geometric Constraints. ICIP 2019.
433 MVRA + I-FRCNN+ 3.27 % 5.19 % 2.49 % 0.18 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Choi, H. Kang and Y. Hyun: Multi-View Reprojection Architecture for Orientation Estimation. The IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) Workshops 2019.
434 SparVox3D 3.20 % 5.27 % 2.56 % 0.05 s GPU @ 2.0 Ghz (Python)
E. Balatkan and F. Kıraç: Improving Regression Performance on Monocular 3D Object Detection Using Bin-Mixing and Sparse Voxel Data. 2021 6th International Conference on Computer Science and Engineering (UBMK) 2021.
435 TopNet-UncEst
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
3.02 % 3.24 % 2.26 % 0.09 s NVIDIA GeForce 1080 Ti (tensorflow-gpu)
S. Wirges, M. Braun, M. Lauer and C. Stiller: Capturing Object Detection Uncertainty in Multi-Layer Grid Maps. 2019.
436 GS3D 2.90 % 4.47 % 2.47 % 2 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
B. Li, W. Ouyang, L. Sheng, X. Zeng and X. Wang: GS3D: An Efficient 3D Object Detection Framework for Autonomous Driving. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2019.
437 3D-GCK 2.52 % 3.27 % 2.11 % 24 ms Tesla V100
N. Gählert, J. Wan, N. Jourdan, J. Finkbeiner, U. Franke and J. Denzler: Single-Shot 3D Detection of Vehicles from Monocular RGB Images via Geometrically Constrained Keypoints in Real-Time. 2020 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV) 2020.
438 WeakM3D code 2.26 % 5.03 % 1.63 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Peng, S. Yan, B. Wu, Z. Yang, X. He and D. Cai: WeakM3D: Towards Weakly Supervised Monocular 3D Object Detection. ICLR 2022.
439 ROI-10D 2.02 % 4.32 % 1.46 % 0.2 s GPU @ 3.5 Ghz (Python)
F. Manhardt, W. Kehl and A. Gaidon: ROI-10D: Monocular Lifting of 2D Detection to 6D Pose and Metric Shape. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2019.
440 FQNet 1.51 % 2.77 % 1.01 % 0.5 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
L. Liu, J. Lu, C. Xu, Q. Tian and J. Zhou: Deep Fitting Degree Scoring Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2019.
441 3D-SSMFCNN code 1.41 % 1.88 % 1.11 % 0.1 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Novak: Vehicle Detection and Pose Estimation for Autonomous Driving. 2017.
442 mBoW
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
0.00 % 0.00 % 0.00 % 10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Behley, V. Steinhage and A. Cremers: Laser-based Segment Classification Using a Mixture of Bag-of-Words. Proc. of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) 2013.
Table as LaTeX | Only published Methods

Pedestrian


Method Setting Code Moderate Easy Hard Runtime Environment
1 CasA++ code 49.29 % 56.33 % 46.70 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, J. Deng, C. Wen, X. Li and C. Wang: CasA: A Cascade Attention Network for 3D Object Detection from LiDAR point clouds. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2022.
2 TED code 49.21 % 55.85 % 46.52 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, C. Wen, W. Li, R. Yang and C. Wang: Transformation-Equivariant 3D Object Detection for Autonomous Driving. AAAI 2023.
3 UPIDet code 48.77 % 55.59 % 46.12 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, J. Hou, Y. Yuan and G. Xing: Unleash the Potential of Image Branch for Cross-modal 3D Object Detection. Thirty-seventh Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems 2023.
4 VPFNet code 48.36 % 54.65 % 44.98 % 0.2 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
C. Wang, H. Chen and L. Fu: VPFNet: Voxel-Pixel Fusion Network for Multi-class 3D Object Detection. 2021.
5 LoGoNet code 47.43 % 53.07 % 45.22 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
X. Li, T. Ma, Y. Hou, B. Shi, Y. Yang, Y. Liu, X. Wu, Q. Chen, Y. Li, Y. Qiao and others: LoGoNet: Towards Accurate 3D Object Detection with Local-to-Global Cross-Modal Fusion. CVPR 2023.
6 CasA code 47.09 % 54.04 % 44.56 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, J. Deng, C. Wen, X. Li and C. Wang: CasA: A Cascade Attention Network for 3D Object Detection from LiDAR point clouds. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2022.
7 EQ-PVRCNN code 47.02 % 55.84 % 42.94 % 0.2 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Yang, L. Jiang, Y. Sun, B. Schiele and J. Jia: A Unified Query-based Paradigm for Point Cloud Understanding. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2022.
8 SDGUFusion 46.84 % 53.10 % 43.45 % 0.5 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
9 PiFeNet code 46.71 % 56.39 % 42.71 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
D. Le, H. Shi, H. Rezatofighi and J. Cai: Accurate and Real-time 3D Pedestrian Detection Using an Efficient Attentive Pillar Network. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2022.
10 LGSLNet 46.50 % 55.44 % 43.20 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
11 USVLab BSAODet code 46.50 % 52.69 % 43.10 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
W. Xiao, Y. Peng, C. Liu, J. Gao, Y. Wu and X. Li: Balanced Sample Assignment and Objective for Single-Model Multi-Class 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2023.
12 ACFNet 46.36 % 54.62 % 42.57 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Tian, X. Zhang, X. Wang, J. Xu, J. Wang, R. Ai, W. Gu and W. Ding: ACF-Net: Asymmetric Cascade Fusion for 3D Detection With LiDAR Point Clouds and Images. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles 2023.
13 IMLIDAR(base) 46.25 % 55.55 % 42.33 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
14 DPPFA-Net 46.14 % 53.58 % 42.59 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Wang, X. Kong, H. Nishikawa, Q. Lian and H. Tomiyama: Dynamic Point-Pixel Feature Alignment for Multi-modal 3D Object Detection. IEEE Internet of Things Journal 2023.
15 OGMMDet code 45.61 % 53.49 % 43.10 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
16 ANM code 45.61 % 53.49 % 43.10 % ANM ANM
17 CAT-Det 45.44 % 54.26 % 41.94 % 0.3 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Zhang, J. Chen and D. Huang: CAT-Det: Contrastively Augmented Transformer for Multi-modal 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2022.
18 HotSpotNet 45.37 % 53.10 % 41.47 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Q. Chen, L. Sun, Z. Wang, K. Jia and A. Yuille: object as hotspots. Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) 2020.
19 MLF-DET 45.29 % 50.86 % 42.05 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Z. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Zhou, S. Chen and N. Zheng: MLF-DET: Multi-Level Fusion for Cross- Modal 3D Object Detection. International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks 2023.
20 ACDet code 44.79 % 53.41 % 41.96 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Xu, G. Wang, X. Zhang and G. Wan: ACDet: Attentive Cross-view Fusion for LiDAR-based 3D Object Detection. 3DV 2022.
21 focalnet 44.74 % 53.27 % 42.63 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
22 focalnet 44.63 % 52.89 % 42.36 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
23 IOUFusion 44.42 % 53.62 % 40.40 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
24 EPNet++ 44.38 % 52.79 % 41.29 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Liu, T. Huang, B. Li, X. Chen, X. Wang and X. Bai: EPNet++: Cascade Bi-Directional Fusion for Multi-Modal 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2022.
25 TANet code 44.34 % 53.72 % 40.49 % 0.035s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Liu, X. Zhao, T. Huang, R. Hu, Y. Zhou and X. Bai: TANet: Robust 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds with Triple Attention. AAAI 2020.
26 3DSSD code 44.27 % 54.64 % 40.23 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Yang, Y. Sun, S. Liu and J. Jia: 3DSSD: Point-based 3D Single Stage Object Detector. CVPR 2020.
27 af 43.98 % 50.61 % 41.79 % 1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
28 R^2 R-CNN 43.90 % 51.42 % 40.69 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
29 PSMS-Net
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
43.82 % 51.44 % 41.52 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
30 Point-GNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 43.77 % 51.92 % 40.14 % 0.6 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
W. Shi and R. Rajkumar: Point-GNN: Graph Neural Network for 3D Object Detection in a Point Cloud. CVPR 2020.
31 3ONet 43.45 % 52.81 % 39.74 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Hoang and M. Yoo: 3ONet: 3-D Detector for Occluded Object Under Obstructed Conditions. IEEE Sensors Journal 2023.
32 FIRM-Net 43.43 % 51.65 % 40.97 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
33 F-ConvNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 43.38 % 52.16 % 38.80 % 0.47 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Wang and K. Jia: Frustum ConvNet: Sliding Frustums to Aggregate Local Point-Wise Features for Amodal 3D Object Detection. IROS 2019.
34 MMLab-PartA^2
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 43.35 % 53.10 % 40.06 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Shi, Z. Wang, J. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: From Points to Parts: 3D Object Detection from Point Cloud with Part-aware and Part-aggregation Network. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2020.
35 MMLab PV-RCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 43.29 % 52.17 % 40.29 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Shi, C. Guo, L. Jiang, Z. Wang, J. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: PV-RCNN: Point-Voxel Feature Set Abstraction for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
36 FromVoxelToPoint code 43.28 % 51.80 % 40.71 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Li, H. Dai, L. Shao and Y. Ding: From Voxel to Point: IoU-guided 3D Object Detection for Point Cloud with Voxel-to- Point Decoder. MM '21: The 29th ACM International Conference on Multimedia (ACM MM) 2021.
37 VMVS
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
43.27 % 53.44 % 39.51 % 0.25 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Ku, A. Pon, S. Walsh and S. Waslander: Improving 3D object detection for pedestrians with virtual multi-view synthesis orientation estimation. IROS 2019.
38 RPF3D 43.27 % 51.60 % 40.84 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
39 SFA-GCL code 43.24 % 52.90 % 39.37 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
40 P2V-RCNN 43.19 % 50.91 % 40.81 % 0.1 s 2 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Li, S. Luo, Z. Zhu, H. Dai, A. Krylov, Y. Ding and L. Shao: P2V-RCNN: Point to Voxel Feature Learning for 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds. IEEE Access 2021.
41 MGAF-3DSSD code 43.09 % 50.65 % 39.65 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Li, H. Dai, L. Shao and Y. Ding: Anchor-free 3D Single Stage Detector with Mask-Guided Attention for Point Cloud. MM '21: The 29th ACM International Conference on Multimedia (ACM MM) 2021.
42 SFA-GCL(baseline) code 43.08 % 52.46 % 40.67 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
43 focal 43.08 % 50.07 % 40.87 % 100 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
44 SFA-GCL_dataaug code 43.07 % 52.72 % 39.23 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
45 DGEnhCL code 43.07 % 51.31 % 39.29 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
46 casxv1 42.96 % 51.82 % 40.76 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
47 Frustum-PointPillars code 42.89 % 51.22 % 39.28 % 0.06 s 4 cores @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
A. Paigwar, D. Sierra-Gonzalez, \. Erkent and C. Laugier: Frustum-PointPillars: A Multi-Stage Approach for 3D Object Detection using RGB Camera and LiDAR. International Conference on Computer Vision, ICCV, Workshop on Autonomous Vehicle Vision 2021.
48 PIPC-3Ddet code 42.83 % 48.51 % 40.73 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
49 IIOU code 42.81 % 51.27 % 40.30 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
50 casx 42.79 % 50.86 % 39.23 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
51 DA-Net 42.78 % 53.20 % 38.67 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
52 KPTr 42.76 % 48.85 % 39.49 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
53 SFA-GCL(80) code 42.76 % 52.05 % 39.03 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
54 Fast-CLOCs 42.72 % 52.10 % 39.08 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
S. Pang, D. Morris and H. Radha: Fast-CLOCs: Fast Camera-LiDAR Object Candidates Fusion for 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV) 2022.
55 HMFI code 42.65 % 50.88 % 39.78 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
X. Li, B. Shi, Y. Hou, X. Wu, T. Ma, Y. Li and L. He: Homogeneous Multi-modal Feature Fusion and Interaction for 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
56 SFA-GCL(80, k=4) code 42.55 % 51.78 % 38.79 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
57 STD code 42.47 % 53.29 % 38.35 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Yang, Y. Sun, S. Liu, X. Shen and J. Jia: STD: Sparse-to-Dense 3D Object Detector for Point Cloud. ICCV 2019.
58 LVFSD 42.36 % 51.18 % 39.64 % 0.06 s
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
59 AVOD-FPN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 42.27 % 50.46 % 39.04 % 0.1 s Titan X (Pascal)
J. Ku, M. Mozifian, J. Lee, A. Harakeh and S. Waslander: Joint 3D Proposal Generation and Object Detection from View Aggregation. IROS 2018.
60 F3D 42.21 % 49.08 % 39.19 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
61 SemanticVoxels 42.19 % 50.90 % 39.52 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Fei, W. Chen, P. Heidenreich, S. Wirges and C. Stiller: SemanticVoxels: Sequential Fusion for 3D Pedestrian Detection using LiDAR Point Cloud and Semantic Segmentation. MFI 2020.
62 F-PointNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 42.15 % 50.53 % 38.08 % 0.17 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
C. Qi, W. Liu, C. Wu, H. Su and L. Guibas: Frustum PointNets for 3D Object Detection from RGB-D Data. arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.08488 2017.
63 PASS-PV-RCNN-Plus 41.95 % 47.66 % 38.90 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Anonymous: Leveraging Anchor-based LiDAR 3D Object Detection via Point Assisted Sample Selection. will submit to computer vision conference/journal 2024.
64 CZY_PPF_Net 41.93 % 47.18 % 40.08 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
65 PointPillars
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 41.92 % 51.45 % 38.89 % 16 ms 1080ti GPU and Intel i7 CPU
A. Lang, S. Vora, H. Caesar, L. Zhou, J. Yang and O. Beijbom: PointPillars: Fast Encoders for Object Detection from Point Clouds. CVPR 2019.
66 RAFDet 41.89 % 48.95 % 38.66 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
67 BPG3D 41.79 % 48.73 % 39.55 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
68 VPA 41.76 % 49.10 % 38.38 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
69 OFFNet 41.66 % 48.59 % 38.73 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
70 epBRM
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 41.52 % 49.17 % 39.08 % 0.10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
K. Shin: Improving a Quality of 3D Object Detection by Spatial Transformation Mechanism. arXiv preprint arXiv:1910.04853 2019.
71 Anonymous code 41.50 % 49.01 % 37.94 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
72 LGNet-3classes code 41.45 % 47.88 % 38.63 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
73 PA-Det3D 41.36 % 48.48 % 38.92 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
74 SFA-GCL code 41.18 % 50.41 % 38.97 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
75 PG-RCNN code 41.04 % 47.99 % 38.71 % 0.06 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
I. Koo, I. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, W. Jeon and C. Kim: PG-RCNN: Semantic Surface Point Generation for 3D Object Detection. 2023.
76 IA-SSD (single) code 41.03 % 47.90 % 37.98 % 0.013 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Hu, G. Xu, Y. Ma, J. Wan and Y. Guo: Not All Points Are Equal: Learning Highly Efficient Point-based Detectors for 3D LiDAR Point Clouds. CVPR 2022.
77 DFAF3D 40.99 % 47.58 % 37.65 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Q. Tang, X. Bai, J. Guo, B. Pan and W. Jiang: DFAF3D: A dual-feature-aware anchor-free single-stage 3D detector for point clouds. Image and Vision Computing 2023.
78 PointPainting
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
40.97 % 50.32 % 37.87 % 0.4 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Vora, A. Lang, B. Helou and O. Beijbom: PointPainting: Sequential Fusion for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
79 DSA-PV-RCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 40.89 % 46.97 % 38.80 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
P. Bhattacharyya, C. Huang and K. Czarnecki: SA-Det3D: Self-Attention Based Context-Aware 3D Object Detection. 2021.
80 HA-PillarNet 40.85 % 46.71 % 38.54 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
81 MG 40.85 % 47.79 % 37.37 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
82 RAFDet code 40.71 % 47.82 % 37.43 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
83 DDF 40.68 % 49.44 % 38.45 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
84 CG-SSD 40.64 % 47.35 % 37.71 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
85 PDV code 40.56 % 47.80 % 38.46 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Hu, T. Kuai and S. Waslander: Point Density-Aware Voxels for LiDAR 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2022.
86 SVGA-Net 40.39 % 48.48 % 37.92 % 0.03s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Q. He, Z. Wang, H. Zeng, Y. Zeng and Y. Liu: SVGA-Net: Sparse Voxel-Graph Attention Network for 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds. AAAI 2022.
87 PV-RCNN-Plus 40.31 % 47.50 % 38.15 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
88 DiffCandiDet 40.27 % 49.24 % 37.99 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
89 EOTL code 40.11 % 48.65 % 35.99 % TBD s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
R. Yang, Z. Yan, T. Yang, Y. Wang and Y. Ruichek: Efficient Online Transfer Learning for Road Participants Detection in Autonomous Driving. IEEE Sensors Journal 2023.
90 U_PV_V2_ep100_80 40.00 % 46.04 % 37.84 % 0... s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
91 PI-SECOND code 39.98 % 50.39 % 35.98 % 0.05 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
92 voxelnext_pcdet 39.97 % 47.46 % 37.43 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
93 M3DeTR code 39.94 % 45.70 % 37.66 % n/a s GPU @ 1.0 Ghz (Python)
T. Guan, J. Wang, S. Lan, R. Chandra, Z. Wu, L. Davis and D. Manocha: M3DeTR: Multi-representation, Multi- scale, Mutual-relation 3D Object Detection with Transformers. 2021.
94 U_PV_V2_ep_100_100 39.82 % 46.11 % 37.68 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
95 centerpoint_pcdet 39.74 % 46.68 % 37.33 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
96 TF-PartA2 39.63 % 47.93 % 37.16 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
97 SRDL 39.43 % 47.30 % 36.99 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
98 Test_dif code 39.41 % 47.24 % 37.20 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
99 MMLab-PointRCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 39.37 % 47.98 % 36.01 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: Pointrcnn: 3d object proposal generation and detection from point cloud. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2019.
100 ARPNET 39.31 % 48.32 % 35.93 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Ye, C. Zhang and X. Hao: ARPNET: attention region proposal network for 3D object detection. Science China Information Sciences 2019.
101 HAF-PVP_test 39.29 % 46.71 % 36.64 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
102 bs 39.28 % 46.29 % 37.08 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
103 BAPartA2S-4h 39.21 % 47.67 % 36.53 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
104 L-AUG 39.07 % 46.76 % 35.74 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
T. Cortinhal, I. Gouigah and E. Aksoy: Semantics-aware LiDAR-Only Pseudo Point Cloud Generation for 3D Object Detection. 2023.
105 IA-SSD (multi) code 39.03 % 46.51 % 35.61 % 0.014 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Hu, G. Xu, Y. Ma, J. Wan and Y. Guo: Not All Points Are Equal: Learning Highly Efficient Point-based Detectors for 3D LiDAR Point Clouds. CVPR 2022.
106 u_second_v4_epoch_10 39.01 % 45.23 % 37.25 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
107 prcnn_v18_80_100 38.89 % 46.01 % 35.46 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
108 SC-SSD 38.88 % 45.15 % 36.71 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
109 U_second_v4_ep_100_8 38.81 % 46.05 % 36.15 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
110 SIF 38.74 % 46.23 % 36.06 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
P. An: SIF. Submitted to CVIU 2021.
111 RAFDet 38.71 % 46.13 % 36.61 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
112 SCNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
38.66 % 47.83 % 35.70 % 0.04 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
Z. Wang, H. Fu, L. Wang, L. Xiao and B. Dai: SCNet: Subdivision Coding Network for Object Detection Based on 3D Point Cloud. IEEE Access 2019.
113 DFSemONet(Baseline) 38.63 % 48.15 % 36.17 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
114 GF-pointnet 38.61 % 45.67 % 36.28 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
115 Faraway-Frustum
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 38.58 % 46.33 % 35.71 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Zhang, D. Yang, E. Yurtsever, K. Redmill and U. Ozguner: Faraway-frustum: Dealing with lidar sparsity for 3D object detection using fusion. 2021 IEEE International Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC) 2021.
116 GeVo 38.54 % 43.66 % 36.53 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
117 PR-SSD 38.52 % 45.08 % 36.23 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
118 AAMVFNet code 38.40 % 44.22 % 35.46 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
119 XT-PartA2 38.22 % 46.24 % 35.51 % 0.1 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
120 HINTED 37.75 % 47.33 % 34.10 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
121 PVTr 37.75 % 44.36 % 35.53 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
122 AMVFNet code 37.70 % 44.93 % 34.63 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
123 DVFENet 37.50 % 43.55 % 35.33 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. He, G. Xia, Y. Luo, L. Su, Z. Zhang, W. Li and P. Wang: DVFENet: Dual-branch Voxel Feature Extraction Network for 3D Object Detection. Neurocomputing 2021.
124 MLOD
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 37.47 % 47.58 % 35.07 % 0.12 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Deng and K. Czarnecki: MLOD: A multi-view 3D object detection based on robust feature fusion method. arXiv preprint arXiv:1909.04163 2019.
125 PUDet 37.42 % 46.00 % 35.12 % 0.3 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
126 SeSame-voxel code 37.37 % 46.53 % 33.56 % N/A s TITAN RTX @ 1.35 Ghz (Python)
127 S-AT GCN 37.37 % 44.63 % 34.92 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.0 Ghz (Python)
L. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Lan and J. Li: S-AT GCN: Spatial-Attention Graph Convolution Network based Feature Enhancement for 3D Object Detection. CoRR 2021.
128 VSAC 37.02 % 45.26 % 33.35 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 1.0 Ghz (Python)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
129 GraphAlign(ICCV2023) code 36.89 % 41.38 % 34.95 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.0 Ghz (Python)
Z. Song, H. Wei, L. Bai, L. Yang and C. Jia: GraphAlign: Enhancing accurate feature alignment by graph matching for multi-modal 3D object detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision 2023.
130 mm3d_PartA2 36.84 % 44.67 % 34.48 % 0.1 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
131 XView 36.79 % 42.44 % 34.96 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Xie, G. Xu, D. Cai and X. He: X-view: Non-egocentric Multi-View 3D Object Detector. 2021.
132 IIOU_LDR code 36.58 % 44.42 % 33.52 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
133 PFF3D
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 36.07 % 43.93 % 32.86 % 0.05 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
L. Wen and K. Jo: Fast and Accurate 3D Object Detection for Lidar-Camera-Based Autonomous Vehicles Using One Shared Voxel-Based Backbone. IEEE Access 2021.
134 MVAF-Net(3-classes) 35.87 % 44.50 % 32.86 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
135 VoxelFSD-S 35.71 % 42.78 % 33.26 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
136 SeSame-point code 35.34 % 42.29 % 33.02 % N/A s TITAN RTX @ 1.35 Ghz (Python)
137 MM_SECOND code 35.19 % 44.12 % 32.02 % 0.05 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
138 BirdNet+
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 35.06 % 41.55 % 32.93 % 0.11 s Titan Xp (PyTorch)
A. Barrera, J. Beltrán, C. Guindel, J. Iglesias and F. García: BirdNet+: Two-Stage 3D Object Detection in LiDAR through a Sparsity-Invariant Bird’s Eye View. IEEE Access 2021.
139 ROT_S3D 34.98 % 42.38 % 33.19 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
140 AB3DMOT
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
This is an online method (no batch processing).
code 34.59 % 42.27 % 31.37 % 0.0047s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (python)
X. Weng and K. Kitani: A Baseline for 3D Multi-Object Tracking. arXiv:1907.03961 2019.
141 HA PillarNet 34.56 % 43.42 % 32.09 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
142 MMpointpillars 34.41 % 41.54 % 32.15 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
143 DSGN++
This method uses stereo information.
code 32.74 % 43.05 % 29.54 % 0.2 s GeForce RTX 2080Ti
Y. Chen, S. Huang, S. Liu, B. Yu and J. Jia: DSGN++: Exploiting Visual-Spatial Relation for Stereo-Based 3D Detectors. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2022.
144 MVAF-Net(3-classes) 32.60 % 39.62 % 30.05 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
145 StereoDistill 32.23 % 44.12 % 28.95 % 0.4 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Liu, X. Ye, X. Tan, D. Errui, Y. Zhou and X. Bai: StereoDistill: Pick the Cream from LiDAR for Distilling Stereo-based 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2023.
146 MMpp 32.11 % 39.40 % 29.55 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
147 BirdNet+ (legacy)
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 31.46 % 37.99 % 29.46 % 0.1 s Titan Xp (PyTorch)
A. Barrera, C. Guindel, J. Beltrán and F. García: BirdNet+: End-to-End 3D Object Detection in LiDAR Bird’s Eye View. 2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2020.
148 P2P code 31.03 % 38.37 % 29.23 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
149 SeSame-pillar code 31.00 % 37.61 % 28.86 % N/A s TITAN RTX @ 1.35 Ghz (Python)
150 SparsePool code 30.38 % 37.84 % 26.94 % 0.13 s 8 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Wang, W. Zhan and M. Tomizuka: Fusing bird view lidar point cloud and front view camera image for deep object detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.06703 2017.
151 MMLAB LIGA-Stereo
This method uses stereo information.
code 30.00 % 40.46 % 27.07 % 0.4 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. Guo, S. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: LIGA-Stereo: Learning LiDAR Geometry Aware Representations for Stereo-based 3D Detector. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) 2021.
152 fuf 29.82 % 37.84 % 26.53 % 10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
153 DMF
This method uses stereo information.
29.77 % 37.21 % 27.62 % 0.2 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. J. Chen and W. Xu: Disparity-Based Multiscale Fusion Network for Transportation Detection. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2022.
154 SeSame-voxel w/score code 28.26 % 34.14 % 26.15 % N/A s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
155 SparsePool code 27.92 % 35.52 % 25.87 % 0.13 s 8 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Wang, W. Zhan and M. Tomizuka: Fusing bird view lidar point cloud and front view camera image for deep object detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.06703 2017.
156 ODGS 27.87 % 34.09 % 25.62 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
157 AVOD
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 27.86 % 36.10 % 25.76 % 0.08 s Titan X (pascal)
J. Ku, M. Mozifian, J. Lee, A. Harakeh and S. Waslander: Joint 3D Proposal Generation and Object Detection from View Aggregation. IROS 2018.
158 SeSame-pillar w/scor code 27.23 % 33.87 % 25.27 % N/A s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
159 CSW3D
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
26.64 % 33.75 % 23.34 % 0.03 s 4 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Hu, T. Wu, H. Fu, Z. Wang and K. Ding: Cascaded Sliding Window Based Real-Time 3D Region Proposal for Pedestrian Detection. ROBIO 2019.
160 PointRGBNet 26.40 % 34.77 % 24.03 % 0.08 s 4 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
P. Xie Desheng: Real-time Detection of 3D Objects Based on Multi-Sensor Information Fusion. Automotive Engineering 2022.
161 SFEBEV 26.19 % 32.32 % 24.25 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
162 Disp R-CNN (velo)
This method uses stereo information.
code 25.80 % 37.12 % 22.04 % 0.387 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Sun, L. Chen, Y. Xie, S. Zhang, Q. Jiang, X. Zhou and H. Bao: Disp R-CNN: Stereo 3D Object Detection via Shape Prior Guided Instance Disparity Estimation. CVPR 2020.
163 Disp R-CNN
This method uses stereo information.
code 25.40 % 35.75 % 21.79 % 0.387 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Sun, L. Chen, Y. Xie, S. Zhang, Q. Jiang, X. Zhou and H. Bao: Disp R-CNN: Stereo 3D Object Detection via Shape Prior Guided Instance Disparity Estimation. CVPR 2020.
164 CG-Stereo
This method uses stereo information.
24.31 % 33.22 % 20.95 % 0.57 s GeForce RTX 2080 Ti
C. Li, J. Ku and S. Waslander: Confidence Guided Stereo 3D Object Detection with Split Depth Estimation. IROS 2020.
165 SeSame-point w/score code 23.33 % 31.13 % 20.07 % N/A s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
166 YOLOStereo3D
This method uses stereo information.
code 19.75 % 28.49 % 16.48 % 0.1 s GPU 1080Ti
Y. Liu, L. Wang and M. Liu: YOLOStereo3D: A Step Back to 2D for Efficient Stereo 3D Detection. 2021 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) 2021.
167 TS3D
This method uses stereo information.
19.56 % 29.17 % 17.20 % 0.09 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
168 OC Stereo
This method uses stereo information.
code 17.58 % 24.48 % 15.60 % 0.35 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
A. Pon, J. Ku, C. Li and S. Waslander: Object-Centric Stereo Matching for 3D Object Detection. ICRA 2020.
169 BirdNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
17.08 % 22.04 % 15.82 % 0.11 s Titan Xp (Caffe)
J. Beltrán, C. Guindel, F. Moreno, D. Cruzado, F. García and A. Escalera: BirdNet: A 3D Object Detection Framework from LiDAR Information. 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2018.
170 BKDStereo3D code 15.76 % 23.48 % 13.73 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
171 DSGN
This method uses stereo information.
code 15.55 % 20.53 % 14.15 % 0.67 s NVIDIA Tesla V100
Y. Chen, S. Liu, X. Shen and J. Jia: DSGN: Deep Stereo Geometry Network for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
172 BKDStereo3D w/o KD code 14.92 % 21.47 % 12.96 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
173 Complexer-YOLO
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
13.96 % 17.60 % 12.70 % 0.06 s GPU @ 3.5 Ghz (C/C++)
M. Simon, K. Amende, A. Kraus, J. Honer, T. Samann, H. Kaulbersch, S. Milz and H. Michael Gross: Complexer-YOLO: Real-Time 3D Object Detection and Tracking on Semantic Point Clouds. The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops 2019.
174 RT3D-GMP
This method uses stereo information.
11.41 % 16.23 % 10.12 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Königshof and C. Stiller: Learning-Based Shape Estimation with Grid Map Patches for Realtime 3D Object Detection for Automated Driving. 2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2020.
175 MonoLSS 11.27 % 17.09 % 10.00 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Li, J. Jia and Y. Shi: MonoLSS: Learnable Sample Selection For Monocular 3D Detection. International Conference on 3D Vision 2024.
176 DD3D code 11.04 % 16.64 % 9.38 % n/a s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
D. Park, R. Ambrus, V. Guizilini, J. Li and A. Gaidon: Is Pseudo-Lidar needed for Monocular 3D Object detection?. IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) .
177 PS-fld code 10.82 % 16.95 % 9.26 % 0.25 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Chen, H. Dai and Y. Ding: Pseudo-Stereo for Monocular 3D Object Detection in Autonomous Driving. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2022.
178 CIE 10.53 % 16.19 % 8.97 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Anonymities: Consistency of Implicit and Explicit Features Matters for Monocular 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2207.07933 2022.
179 OPA-3D code 10.49 % 15.65 % 8.80 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 3.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Su, Y. Di, G. Zhai, F. Manhardt, J. Rambach, B. Busam, D. Stricker and F. Tombari: OPA-3D: Occlusion-Aware Pixel-Wise Aggregation for Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2023.
180 MonoLTKD_V3 10.41 % 16.15 % 9.68 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
181 MonoUNI code 10.34 % 15.78 % 8.74 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Jia, Z. Li and Y. Shi: MonoUNI: A Unified Vehicle and Infrastructure-side Monocular 3D Object Detection Network with Sufficient Depth Clues. Thirty-seventh Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems 2023.
182 ESGN
This method uses stereo information.
10.27 % 14.05 % 9.02 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
A. Gao, Y. Pang, J. Nie, Z. Shao, J. Cao, Y. Guo and X. Li: ESGN: Efficient Stereo Geometry Network for Fast 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2022.
183 MonoTAKD V2 10.27 % 16.09 % 8.76 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
184 SST [st]
This method uses stereo information.
10.21 % 15.39 % 8.85 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
185 MonoDTR 10.18 % 15.33 % 8.61 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
K. Huang, T. Wu, H. Su and W. Hsu: MonoDTR: Monocular 3D Object Detection with Depth-Aware Transformer. CVPR 2022.
186 MonoTAKD 10.00 % 14.88 % 8.49 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
187 GUPNet code 9.76 % 14.95 % 8.41 % NA s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Lu, X. Ma, L. Yang, T. Zhang, Y. Liu, Q. Chu, J. Yan and W. Ouyang: Geometry Uncertainty Projection Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2107.13774 2021.
188 MonoLTKD 9.73 % 14.51 % 8.25 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
189 SVDM-VIEW 9.56 % 14.66 % 8.03 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
190 MonoInsight 9.42 % 14.41 % 7.96 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
191 MonoInsight 9.42 % 14.41 % 7.96 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
192 MonoSIM 9.18 % 14.68 % 7.72 % 0.16 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
193 MonoFRD 8.88 % 13.86 % 7.53 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
194 SGM3D code 8.81 % 13.99 % 7.26 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Z. Zhou, L. Du, X. Ye, Z. Zou, X. Tan, L. Zhang, X. Xue and J. Feng: SGM3D: Stereo Guided Monocular 3D Object Detection. RA-L 2022.
195 CMKD code 8.79 % 13.94 % 7.42 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Hong, H. Dai and Y. Ding: Cross-Modality Knowledge Distillation Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
196 DEVIANT code 8.65 % 13.43 % 7.69 % 0.04 s 1 GPU (Python)
A. Kumar, G. Brazil, E. Corona, A. Parchami and X. Liu: DEVIANT: Depth EquiVarIAnt NeTwork for Monocular 3D Object Detection. European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) 2022.
197 MonoNeRD code 8.26 % 13.20 % 7.02 % na s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Xu, L. Peng, H. Cheng, H. Li, W. Qian, K. Li, W. Wang and D. Cai: MonoNeRD: NeRF-like Representations for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ICCV 2023.
198 CaDDN code 8.14 % 12.87 % 6.76 % 0.63 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
C. Reading, A. Harakeh, J. Chae and S. Waslander: Categorical Depth Distribution Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021.
199 MonoRCNN++ code 7.90 % 12.26 % 6.62 % 0.07 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Shi, Z. Chen and T. Kim: Multivariate Probabilistic Monocular 3D Object Detection. WACV 2023.
200 HomoLoss(monoflex) code 7.66 % 11.87 % 6.82 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Gu, B. Wu, L. Fan, J. Huang, S. Cao, Z. Xiang and X. Hua: Homography Loss for Monocular 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2022.
201 MonoSIM_v2 7.52 % 11.90 % 6.66 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
202 Mix-Teaching code 7.47 % 11.67 % 6.61 % 30 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Yang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, M. Zhu, C. Zhang and J. Li: Mix-Teaching: A Simple, Unified and Effective Semi-Supervised Learning Framework for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ArXiv 2022.
203 LPCG-Monoflex code 7.33 % 10.82 % 6.18 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Peng, F. Liu, Z. Yu, S. Yan, D. Deng, Z. Yang, H. Liu and D. Cai: Lidar Point Cloud Guided Monocular 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
204 MonoDDE 7.32 % 11.13 % 6.67 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Li, Z. Qu, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, H. Wang and L. Jiang: Diversity Matters: Fully Exploiting Depth Clues for Reliable Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2022.
205 RefinedMPL 7.18 % 11.14 % 5.84 % 0.15 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Vianney, S. Aich and B. Liu: RefinedMPL: Refined Monocular PseudoLiDAR for 3D Object Detection in Autonomous Driving. arXiv preprint arXiv:1911.09712 2019.
206 MDSNet 7.09 % 10.68 % 6.06 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Xie, Y. Song, J. Wu, Z. Li, C. Song and Z. Xu: MDS-Net: Multi-Scale Depth Stratification 3D Object Detection from Monocular Images. Sensors 2022.
207 Cube R-CNN code 6.95 % 11.17 % 5.87 % 0.05 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
G. Brazil, A. Kumar, J. Straub, N. Ravi, J. Johnson and G. Gkioxari: Omni3D: A Large Benchmark and Model for 3D Object Detection in the Wild. CVPR 2023.
208 TopNet-HighRes
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
6.92 % 10.40 % 6.63 % 101ms NVIDIA GeForce 1080 Ti (tensorflow-gpu)
S. Wirges, T. Fischer, C. Stiller and J. Frias: Object Detection and Classification in Occupancy Grid Maps Using Deep Convolutional Networks. 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2018.
209 MonoRUn code 6.78 % 10.88 % 5.83 % 0.07 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Chen, Y. Huang, W. Tian, Z. Gao and L. Xiong: MonoRUn: Monocular 3D Object Detection by Reconstruction and Uncertainty Propagation. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2021.
210 MonoPair 6.68 % 10.02 % 5.53 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Chen, L. Tai, K. Sun and M. Li: MonoPair: Monocular 3D Object Detection Using Pairwise Spatial Relationships. The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2020.
211 monodle code 6.55 % 9.64 % 5.44 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Ma, Y. Zhang, D. Xu, D. Zhou, S. Yi, H. Li and W. Ouyang: Delving into Localization Errors for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021 .
212 DA3D+KM3D+v2-99 6.32 % 9.38 % 5.54 % 0.120s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
213 MonoFlex 6.31 % 9.43 % 5.26 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Zhang, J. Lu and J. Zhou: Objects are Different: Flexible Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021.
214 SH3D 6.05 % 9.03 % 5.08 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
215 MonOAPC 5.87 % 8.75 % 4.84 % 0035 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Yao, J. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Wang, P. Han, X. Chai and Y. Qiu: Occlusion-Aware Plane-Constraints for Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2023.
216 MonoTRKDv2 5.82 % 9.10 % 4.96 % 40 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
217 mdab 5.80 % 8.86 % 4.63 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
218 MonoAIU 5.43 % 8.34 % 4.39 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
219 Anonymous 5.28 % 8.07 % 4.29 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
220 FMF-occlusion-net 5.23 % 7.62 % 4.28 % 0.16 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Liu, H. Liu, Y. Wang, F. Sun and W. Huang: Fine-grained Multi-level Fusion for Anti- occlusion Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 2022.
221 Aug3D-RPN 4.71 % 6.01 % 3.87 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
C. He, J. Huang, X. Hua and L. Zhang: Aug3D-RPN: Improving Monocular 3D Object Detection by Synthetic Images with Virtual Depth. 2021.
222 Shift R-CNN (mono) code 4.66 % 7.95 % 4.16 % 0.25 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
A. Naiden, V. Paunescu, G. Kim, B. Jeon and M. Leordeanu: Shift R-CNN: Deep Monocular 3D Object Detection With Closed-form Geometric Constraints. ICIP 2019.
223 MonoPSR code 4.00 % 6.12 % 3.30 % 0.2 s GPU @ 3.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Ku*, A. Pon* and S. Waslander: Monocular 3D Object Detection Leveraging Accurate Proposals and Shape Reconstruction. CVPR 2019.
224 DA3D+KM3D 3.64 % 5.60 % 3.10 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
225 DFR-Net 3.62 % 6.09 % 3.39 % 0.18 s 1080 Ti (Pytorch)
Z. Zou, X. Ye, L. Du, X. Cheng, X. Tan, L. Zhang, J. Feng, X. Xue and E. Ding: The devil is in the task: Exploiting reciprocal appearance-localization features for monocular 3d object detection . ICCV 2021.
226 DDMP-3D 3.55 % 4.93 % 3.01 % 0.18 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
L. Wang, L. Du, X. Ye, Y. Fu, G. Guo, X. Xue, J. Feng and L. Zhang: Depth-conditioned Dynamic Message Propagation for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
227 M3D-RPN code 3.48 % 4.92 % 2.94 % 0.16 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
G. Brazil and X. Liu: M3D-RPN: Monocular 3D Region Proposal Network for Object Detection . ICCV 2019 .
228 D4LCN code 3.42 % 4.55 % 2.83 % 0.2 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
M. Ding, Y. Huo, H. Yi, Z. Wang, J. Shi, Z. Lu and P. Luo: Learning Depth-Guided Convolutions for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
229 CMAN 3.41 % 4.62 % 2.87 % 0.15 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
C. Yuanzhouhan Cao: CMAN: Leaning Global Structure Correlation for Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Trans. Intell. Transport. Syst. 2022.
230 QD-3DT
This is an online method (no batch processing).
code 3.37 % 5.53 % 3.02 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Hu, Y. Yang, T. Fischer, F. Yu, T. Darrell and M. Sun: Monocular Quasi-Dense 3D Object Tracking. ArXiv:2103.07351 2021.
231 DA3D 2.95 % 4.62 % 2.58 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
232 MonoEF 2.79 % 4.27 % 2.21 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Zhou, Y. He, H. Zhu, C. Wang, H. Li and Q. Jiang: Monocular 3D Object Detection: An Extrinsic Parameter Free Approach. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2021.
233 RT3DStereo
This method uses stereo information.
2.45 % 3.28 % 2.35 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Königshof, N. Salscheider and C. Stiller: Realtime 3D Object Detection for Automated Driving Using Stereo Vision and Semantic Information. Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. Intelligent Transportation Systems 2019.
234 MonoLiG code 1.94 % 2.89 % 1.91 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
A. Hekimoglu, M. Schmidt and A. Ramiro: Monocular 3D Object Detection with LiDAR Guided Semi Supervised Active Learning. 2023.
235 TopNet-UncEst
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
1.87 % 3.42 % 1.73 % 0.09 s NVIDIA GeForce 1080 Ti (tensorflow-gpu)
S. Wirges, M. Braun, M. Lauer and C. Stiller: Capturing Object Detection Uncertainty in Multi-Layer Grid Maps. 2019.
236 SS3D 1.78 % 2.31 % 1.48 % 48 ms Tesla V100 (Python)
E. Jörgensen, C. Zach and F. Kahl: Monocular 3D Object Detection and Box Fitting Trained End-to-End Using Intersection-over-Union Loss. CoRR 2019.
237 PGD-FCOS3D code 1.49 % 2.28 % 1.38 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
T. Wang, X. Zhu, J. Pang and D. Lin: Probabilistic and Geometric Depth: Detecting Objects in Perspective. Conference on Robot Learning (CoRL) 2021.
238 SparVox3D 1.35 % 1.93 % 1.04 % 0.05 s GPU @ 2.0 Ghz (Python)
E. Balatkan and F. Kıraç: Improving Regression Performance on Monocular 3D Object Detection Using Bin-Mixing and Sparse Voxel Data. 2021 6th International Conference on Computer Science and Engineering (UBMK) 2021.
239 Plane-Constraints code 1.09 % 1.73 % 1.04 % 0.05 s 4 cores @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
H. Yao, J. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Wang, X. Chai, Y. Qiu and P. Han: Vertex points are not enough: Monocular 3D object detection via intra-and inter-plane constraints. Neural Networks 2023.
240 mdab 1.07 % 1.92 % 1.03 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
241 mBoW
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
0.00 % 0.00 % 0.00 % 10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Behley, V. Steinhage and A. Cremers: Laser-based Segment Classification Using a Mixture of Bag-of-Words. Proc. of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) 2013.
242 MonoGhost_Ped_Cycl 0.00 % 0.00 % 0.00 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Table as LaTeX | Only published Methods

Cyclist


Method Setting Code Moderate Easy Hard Runtime Environment
1 UPIDet code 74.32 % 86.74 % 67.45 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, J. Hou, Y. Yuan and G. Xing: Unleash the Potential of Image Branch for Cross-modal 3D Object Detection. Thirty-seventh Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems 2023.
2 TED code 74.12 % 88.82 % 66.84 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, C. Wen, W. Li, R. Yang and C. Wang: Transformation-Equivariant 3D Object Detection for Autonomous Driving. AAAI 2023.
3 CasA++ code 73.79 % 87.76 % 66.84 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, J. Deng, C. Wen, X. Li and C. Wang: CasA: A Cascade Attention Network for 3D Object Detection from LiDAR point clouds. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2022.
4 CasA code 73.47 % 87.91 % 66.17 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Wu, J. Deng, C. Wen, X. Li and C. Wang: CasA: A Cascade Attention Network for 3D Object Detection from LiDAR point clouds. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2022.
5 LoGoNet code 71.70 % 84.47 % 64.67 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
X. Li, T. Ma, Y. Hou, B. Shi, Y. Yang, Y. Liu, X. Wu, Q. Chen, Y. Li, Y. Qiao and others: LoGoNet: Towards Accurate 3D Object Detection with Local-to-Global Cross-Modal Fusion. CVPR 2023.
6 MLF-DET 70.71 % 83.31 % 63.71 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Z. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Zhou, S. Chen and N. Zheng: MLF-DET: Multi-Level Fusion for Cross- Modal 3D Object Detection. International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks 2023.
7 USVLab BSAODet code 70.48 % 83.17 % 62.46 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
W. Xiao, Y. Peng, C. Liu, J. Gao, Y. Wu and X. Li: Balanced Sample Assignment and Objective for Single-Model Multi-Class 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2023.
8 HMFI code 70.37 % 84.02 % 62.57 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
X. Li, B. Shi, Y. Hou, X. Wu, T. Ma, Y. Li and L. He: Homogeneous Multi-modal Feature Fusion and Interaction for 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
9 VPA 70.32 % 83.38 % 62.64 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
10 PSMS-Net
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
69.67 % 83.10 % 62.86 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
11 IMLIDAR(base) 69.60 % 84.81 % 62.64 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
12 EQ-PVRCNN code 69.10 % 85.41 % 62.30 % 0.2 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Yang, L. Jiang, Y. Sun, B. Schiele and J. Jia: A Unified Query-based Paradigm for Point Cloud Understanding. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2022.
13 U_PV_V2_ep100_80 69.10 % 84.55 % 62.15 % 0... s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
14 DDF 69.01 % 83.39 % 60.95 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
15 OGMMDet code 68.96 % 82.39 % 62.19 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
16 ANM code 68.96 % 82.39 % 62.19 % ANM ANM
17 CAT-Det 68.81 % 83.68 % 61.45 % 0.3 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Zhang, J. Chen and D. Huang: CAT-Det: Contrastively Augmented Transformer for Multi-modal 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2022.
18 CZY_PPF_Net 68.79 % 82.21 % 61.13 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
19 BtcDet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 68.68 % 82.81 % 61.81 % 0.09 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Q. Xu, Y. Zhong and U. Neumann: Behind the Curtain: Learning Occluded Shapes for 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2022.
20 DSA-PV-RCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 68.54 % 82.19 % 61.33 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
P. Bhattacharyya, C. Huang and K. Czarnecki: SA-Det3D: Self-Attention Based Context-Aware 3D Object Detection. 2021.
21 PA-Det3D 68.48 % 82.91 % 61.93 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
22 PASS-PV-RCNN-Plus 68.45 % 80.43 % 60.93 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Anonymous: Leveraging Anchor-based LiDAR 3D Object Detection via Point Assisted Sample Selection. will submit to computer vision conference/journal 2024.
23 ACFNet 68.37 % 84.29 % 62.08 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Tian, X. Zhang, X. Wang, J. Xu, J. Wang, R. Ai, W. Gu and W. Ding: ACF-Net: Asymmetric Cascade Fusion for 3D Detection With LiDAR Point Clouds and Images. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles 2023.
24 3ONet 68.37 % 82.34 % 60.20 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Hoang and M. Yoo: 3ONet: 3-D Detector for Occluded Object Under Obstructed Conditions. IEEE Sensors Journal 2023.
25 HA-PillarNet 68.33 % 83.01 % 61.07 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
26 PIPC-3Ddet code 68.28 % 84.15 % 60.69 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
27 U_PV_V2_ep_100_100 68.10 % 82.13 % 61.45 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
28 Anonymous code 68.09 % 82.31 % 60.11 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
29 focalnet 67.94 % 80.51 % 61.71 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
30 focalnet 67.87 % 80.49 % 61.57 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
31 DiffCandiDet 67.84 % 83.87 % 60.56 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
32 PG-RCNN code 67.82 % 82.77 % 61.25 % 0.06 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
I. Koo, I. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, W. Jeon and C. Kim: PG-RCNN: Semantic Surface Point Generation for 3D Object Detection. 2023.
33 PDV code 67.81 % 83.04 % 60.46 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Hu, T. Kuai and S. Waslander: Point Density-Aware Voxels for LiDAR 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2022.
34 RangeIoUDet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
67.77 % 83.12 % 60.26 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Liang, Z. Zhang, M. Zhang, X. Zhao and S. Pu: RangeIoUDet: Range Image Based Real-Time 3D Object Detector Optimized by Intersection Over Union. CVPR 2021.
35 PV-RCNN-Plus 67.46 % 80.34 % 60.48 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
36 KPTr 67.29 % 80.73 % 60.38 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
37 AMVFNet code 67.04 % 82.89 % 59.98 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
38 SPG_mini
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 66.96 % 80.21 % 60.50 % 0.09 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Q. Xu, Y. Zhou, W. Wang, C. Qi and D. Anguelov: SPG: Unsupervised Domain Adaptation for 3D Object Detection via Semantic Point Generation. Proceedings of the IEEE conference on computer vision and pattern recognition (ICCV) 2021.
39 AAMVFNet code 66.91 % 81.50 % 59.47 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
40 BPG3D 66.85 % 83.90 % 59.97 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
41 GF-pointnet 66.78 % 80.73 % 59.56 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
42 M3DeTR code 66.74 % 83.83 % 59.03 % n/a s GPU @ 1.0 Ghz (Python)
T. Guan, J. Wang, S. Lan, R. Chandra, Z. Wu, L. Davis and D. Manocha: M3DeTR: Multi-representation, Multi- scale, Mutual-relation 3D Object Detection with Transformers. 2021.
43 HAF-PVP_test 66.62 % 82.65 % 58.82 % 0.09 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
44 ACDet code 66.61 % 83.80 % 59.99 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Xu, G. Wang, X. Zhang and G. Wan: ACDet: Attentive Cross-view Fusion for LiDAR-based 3D Object Detection. 3DV 2022.
45 F3D 66.45 % 83.49 % 59.60 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
46 OFFNet 66.29 % 80.46 % 61.33 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
47 IA-SSD (single) code 66.25 % 82.36 % 59.70 % 0.013 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Hu, G. Xu, Y. Ma, J. Wan and Y. Guo: Not All Points Are Equal: Learning Highly Efficient Point-based Detectors for 3D LiDAR Point Clouds. CVPR 2022.
48 LGNet-3classes code 66.05 % 78.87 % 59.42 % 0.11 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
49 HotSpotNet 65.95 % 82.59 % 59.00 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Q. Chen, L. Sun, Z. Wang, K. Jia and A. Yuille: object as hotspots. Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) 2020.
50 PR-SSD 65.94 % 80.01 % 58.71 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
51 DFAF3D 65.86 % 82.09 % 59.02 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Q. Tang, X. Bai, J. Guo, B. Pan and W. Jiang: DFAF3D: A dual-feature-aware anchor-free single-stage 3D detector for point clouds. Image and Vision Computing 2023.
52 FIRM-Net 65.72 % 81.53 % 58.03 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
53 SDGUFusion 65.61 % 79.69 % 59.56 % 0.5 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
54 RAFDet 65.36 % 82.25 % 58.75 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
55 Fast-CLOCs 65.31 % 82.83 % 57.43 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
S. Pang, D. Morris and H. Radha: Fast-CLOCs: Fast Camera-LiDAR Object Candidates Fusion for 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV) 2022.
56 GeVo 65.30 % 82.20 % 58.83 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
57 RPF3D 65.25 % 79.93 % 58.52 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
58 F-ConvNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 65.07 % 81.98 % 56.54 % 0.47 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Wang and K. Jia: Frustum ConvNet: Sliding Frustums to Aggregate Local Point-Wise Features for Amodal 3D Object Detection. IROS 2019.
59 DA-Net 64.98 % 80.36 % 60.40 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
60 casx 64.72 % 78.51 % 57.11 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
61 RAFDet 64.65 % 77.98 % 58.53 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
62 CG-SSD 64.58 % 78.53 % 57.66 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
63 RAFDet code 64.52 % 78.71 % 58.27 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
64 PVTr 64.46 % 81.73 % 57.71 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
65 GraphAlign(ICCV2023) code 64.43 % 78.42 % 58.71 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.0 Ghz (Python)
Z. Song, H. Wei, L. Bai, L. Yang and C. Jia: GraphAlign: Enhancing accurate feature alignment by graph matching for multi-modal 3D object detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision 2023.
66 SFA-GCL(80) code 64.23 % 80.94 % 55.74 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
67 3DSSD code 64.10 % 82.48 % 56.90 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Yang, Y. Sun, S. Liu and J. Jia: 3DSSD: Point-based 3D Single Stage Object Detector. CVPR 2020.
68 VPFNet code 64.10 % 77.64 % 58.00 % 0.2 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
C. Wang, H. Chen and L. Fu: VPFNet: Voxel-Pixel Fusion Network for Multi-class 3D Object Detection. 2021.
69 LGSLNet 64.05 % 78.56 % 59.47 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
70 SFA-GCL(80, k=4) code 63.96 % 80.35 % 55.62 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
71 SFA-GCL code 63.84 % 80.39 % 57.20 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
72 PointPainting
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
63.78 % 77.63 % 55.89 % 0.4 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Vora, A. Lang, B. Helou and O. Beijbom: PointPainting: Sequential Fusion for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
73 MMLab PV-RCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 63.71 % 78.60 % 57.65 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Shi, C. Guo, L. Jiang, Z. Wang, J. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: PV-RCNN: Point-Voxel Feature Set Abstraction for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
74 casxv1 63.53 % 80.36 % 57.17 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
75 MMLab-PartA^2
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 63.52 % 79.17 % 56.93 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Shi, Z. Wang, J. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: From Points to Parts: 3D Object Detection from Point Cloud with Part-aware and Part-aggregation Network. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2020.
76 Point-GNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 63.48 % 78.60 % 57.08 % 0.6 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
W. Shi and R. Rajkumar: Point-GNN: Graph Neural Network for 3D Object Detection in a Point Cloud. CVPR 2020.
77 MGAF-3DSSD code 63.43 % 80.64 % 55.15 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Li, H. Dai, L. Shao and Y. Ding: Anchor-free 3D Single Stage Detector with Mask-Guided Attention for Point Cloud. MM '21: The 29th ACM International Conference on Multimedia (ACM MM) 2021.
78 FromVoxelToPoint code 63.41 % 81.49 % 56.40 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Li, H. Dai, L. Shao and Y. Ding: From Voxel to Point: IoU-guided 3D Object Detection for Point Cloud with Voxel-to- Point Decoder. MM '21: The 29th ACM International Conference on Multimedia (ACM MM) 2021.
79 U_second_v4_ep_100_8 63.34 % 78.09 % 56.30 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
80 bs 63.30 % 78.70 % 57.12 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
81 focal 63.16 % 79.09 % 58.58 % 100 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
82 IIOU code 63.16 % 81.36 % 56.30 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
83 P2V-RCNN 63.13 % 78.62 % 56.81 % 0.1 s 2 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Li, S. Luo, Z. Zhu, H. Dai, A. Krylov, Y. Ding and L. Shao: P2V-RCNN: Point to Voxel Feature Learning for 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds. IEEE Access 2021.
84 BAPartA2S-4h 63.07 % 79.31 % 57.44 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
85 HINTED 63.01 % 76.21 % 55.85 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
86 u_second_v4_epoch_10 62.93 % 78.66 % 56.41 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
87 XT-PartA2 62.82 % 76.88 % 56.99 % 0.1 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
88 H^23D R-CNN code 62.74 % 78.67 % 55.78 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Deng, W. Zhou, Y. Zhang and H. Li: From Multi-View to Hollow-3D: Hallucinated Hollow-3D R-CNN for 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2021.
89 TF-PartA2 62.68 % 78.61 % 57.06 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
90 SVGA-Net 62.28 % 78.58 % 54.88 % 0.03s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Q. He, Z. Wang, H. Zeng, Y. Zeng and Y. Liu: SVGA-Net: Sparse Voxel-Graph Attention Network for 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds. AAAI 2022.
91 af 62.12 % 76.52 % 56.21 % 1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
92 Test_dif code 62.04 % 77.79 % 55.86 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
93 SRDL 62.02 % 77.35 % 55.52 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
94 Faraway-Frustum
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 62.00 % 77.36 % 55.40 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Zhang, D. Yang, E. Yurtsever, K. Redmill and U. Ozguner: Faraway-frustum: Dealing with lidar sparsity for 3D object detection using fusion. 2021 IEEE International Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC) 2021.
95 DVFENet 62.00 % 78.73 % 55.18 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. He, G. Xia, Y. Luo, L. Su, Z. Zhang, W. Li and P. Wang: DVFENet: Dual-branch Voxel Feature Extraction Network for 3D Object Detection. Neurocomputing 2021.
96 IA-SSD (multi) code 61.94 % 78.35 % 55.70 % 0.014 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Zhang, Q. Hu, G. Xu, Y. Ma, J. Wan and Y. Guo: Not All Points Are Equal: Learning Highly Efficient Point-based Detectors for 3D LiDAR Point Clouds. CVPR 2022.
97 mm3d_PartA2 61.83 % 76.92 % 55.51 % 0.1 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
98 voxelnext_pcdet 61.74 % 78.18 % 54.68 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
99 S-AT GCN 61.70 % 75.24 % 55.32 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.0 Ghz (Python)
L. Wang, C. Wang, X. Zhang, T. Lan and J. Li: S-AT GCN: Spatial-Attention Graph Convolution Network based Feature Enhancement for 3D Object Detection. CoRR 2021.
100 SIF 61.61 % 77.13 % 55.11 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
P. An: SIF. Submitted to CVIU 2021.
101 STD code 61.59 % 78.69 % 55.30 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Yang, Y. Sun, S. Liu, X. Shen and J. Jia: STD: Sparse-to-Dense 3D Object Detector for Point Cloud. ICCV 2019.
102 SC-SSD 61.33 % 75.58 % 54.63 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
103 IOUFusion 61.32 % 77.93 % 54.83 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
104 PI-SECOND code 61.06 % 77.31 % 55.07 % 0.05 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
105 DGEnhCL code 60.89 % 76.99 % 52.65 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
106 prcnn_v18_80_100 60.63 % 78.58 % 54.19 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
107 AB3DMOT
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
This is an online method (no batch processing).
code 60.30 % 75.42 % 53.81 % 0.0047s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Weng and K. Kitani: A Baseline for 3D Multi-Object Tracking. arXiv:1907.03961 2019.
108 VoxelFSD-S 60.04 % 76.63 % 53.72 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
109 fuf 60.02 % 79.07 % 53.61 % 10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
110 MG 59.86 % 78.72 % 53.66 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
111 centerpoint_pcdet 59.80 % 76.27 % 53.02 % 0.06 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
112 SFA-GCL code 59.76 % 78.02 % 53.06 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
113 EPNet++ 59.71 % 76.15 % 53.67 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Liu, T. Huang, B. Li, X. Chen, X. Wang and X. Bai: EPNet++: Cascade Bi-Directional Fusion for Multi-Modal 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2022.
114 XView 59.55 % 77.24 % 53.47 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Xie, G. Xu, D. Cai and X. He: X-view: Non-egocentric Multi-View 3D Object Detector. 2021.
115 SFA-GCL_dataaug code 59.45 % 77.51 % 52.94 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
116 TANet code 59.44 % 75.70 % 52.53 % 0.035s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Z. Liu, X. Zhao, T. Huang, R. Hu, Y. Zhou and X. Bai: TANet: Robust 3D Object Detection from Point Clouds with Triple Attention. AAAI 2020.
117 L-AUG 59.30 % 73.32 % 53.74 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
T. Cortinhal, I. Gouigah and E. Aksoy: Semantics-aware LiDAR-Only Pseudo Point Cloud Generation for 3D Object Detection. 2023.
118 EOTL code 58.96 % 75.20 % 50.41 % TBD s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
R. Yang, Z. Yan, T. Yang, Y. Wang and Y. Ruichek: Efficient Online Transfer Learning for Road Participants Detection in Autonomous Driving. IEEE Sensors Journal 2023.
119 MMLab-PointRCNN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 58.82 % 74.96 % 52.53 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
S. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: Pointrcnn: 3d object proposal generation and detection from point cloud. Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2019.
120 SFA-GCL(baseline) code 58.80 % 76.26 % 52.21 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
121 PointPillars
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 58.65 % 77.10 % 51.92 % 16 ms 1080ti GPU and Intel i7 CPU
A. Lang, S. Vora, H. Caesar, L. Zhou, J. Yang and O. Beijbom: PointPillars: Fast Encoders for Object Detection from Point Clouds. CVPR 2019.
122 ARPNET 58.20 % 74.21 % 52.13 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Ye, C. Zhang and X. Hao: ARPNET: attention region proposal network for 3D object detection. Science China Information Sciences 2019.
123 MM_SECOND code 57.81 % 73.41 % 51.68 % 0.05 s GPU @ >3.5 Ghz (Python)
124 ROT_S3D 57.61 % 75.17 % 51.65 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
125 IIOU_LDR code 57.27 % 71.42 % 51.38 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
126 LVFSD 57.00 % 75.38 % 50.82 % 0.06 s
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
127 VSAC 56.99 % 75.54 % 50.90 % 0.07 s 1 core @ 1.0 Ghz (Python)
ERROR: Wrong syntax in BIBTEX file.
128 epBRM
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 56.13 % 72.08 % 49.91 % 0.10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
K. Shin: Improving a Quality of 3D Object Detection by Spatial Transformation Mechanism. arXiv preprint arXiv:1910.04853 2019.
129 F-PointNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 56.12 % 72.27 % 49.01 % 0.17 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
C. Qi, W. Liu, C. Wu, H. Su and L. Guibas: Frustum PointNets for 3D Object Detection from RGB-D Data. arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.08488 2017.
130 MMpointpillars 55.67 % 69.94 % 50.09 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
131 SeSame-point code 54.56 % 69.55 % 48.34 % N/A s TITAN RTX @ 1.35 Ghz (Python)
132 P2P code 54.50 % 70.44 % 47.49 % 0.1 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
133 MMpp 54.46 % 70.51 % 48.33 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
134 SeSame-voxel code 54.36 % 70.97 % 48.66 % N/A s TITAN RTX @ 1.35 Ghz (Python)
135 BirdNet+
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 53.84 % 65.67 % 49.06 % 0.11 s Titan Xp (PyTorch)
A. Barrera, J. Beltrán, C. Guindel, J. Iglesias and F. García: BirdNet+: Two-Stage 3D Object Detection in LiDAR through a Sparsity-Invariant Bird’s Eye View. IEEE Access 2021.
136 PUDet 53.53 % 69.10 % 47.48 % 0.3 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
137 PointRGBNet 52.15 % 67.05 % 46.78 % 0.08 s 4 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
P. Xie Desheng: Real-time Detection of 3D Objects Based on Multi-Sensor Information Fusion. Automotive Engineering 2022.
138 SeSame-pillar code 51.74 % 64.55 % 46.13 % N/A s TITAN RTX @ 1.35 Ghz (Python)
139 SFEBEV 51.58 % 67.01 % 45.71 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
140 HA PillarNet 51.39 % 66.53 % 45.24 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
141 DMF
This method uses stereo information.
51.33 % 65.51 % 45.05 % 0.2 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. J. Chen and W. Xu: Disparity-Based Multiscale Fusion Network for Transportation Detection. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2022.
142 PiFeNet code 51.10 % 67.50 % 44.66 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
D. Le, H. Shi, H. Rezatofighi and J. Cai: Accurate and Real-time 3D Pedestrian Detection Using an Efficient Attentive Pillar Network. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2022.
143 SCNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
50.79 % 67.98 % 45.15 % 0.04 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
Z. Wang, H. Fu, L. Wang, L. Xiao and B. Dai: SCNet: Subdivision Coding Network for Object Detection Based on 3D Point Cloud. IEEE Access 2019.
144 AVOD-FPN
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 50.55 % 63.76 % 44.93 % 0.1 s Titan X (Pascal)
J. Ku, M. Mozifian, J. Lee, A. Harakeh and S. Waslander: Joint 3D Proposal Generation and Object Detection from View Aggregation. IROS 2018.
145 MLOD
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 49.43 % 68.81 % 42.84 % 0.12 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Deng and K. Czarnecki: MLOD: A multi-view 3D object detection based on robust feature fusion method. arXiv preprint arXiv:1909.04163 2019.
146 DFSemONet(Baseline) 48.86 % 64.76 % 43.74 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
147 BirdNet+ (legacy)
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 47.72 % 67.38 % 42.89 % 0.1 s Titan Xp (PyTorch)
A. Barrera, C. Guindel, J. Beltrán and F. García: BirdNet+: End-to-End 3D Object Detection in LiDAR Bird’s Eye View. 2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2020.
148 PFF3D
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 46.78 % 63.27 % 41.37 % 0.05 s GPU @ 3.0 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
L. Wen and K. Jo: Fast and Accurate 3D Object Detection for Lidar-Camera-Based Autonomous Vehicles Using One Shared Voxel-Based Backbone. IEEE Access 2021.
149 MVAF-Net(3-classes) 45.43 % 61.02 % 40.77 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
150 StereoDistill 44.02 % 63.96 % 39.19 % 0.4 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Liu, X. Ye, X. Tan, D. Errui, Y. Zhou and X. Bai: StereoDistill: Pick the Cream from LiDAR for Distilling Stereo-based 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2023.
151 DSGN++
This method uses stereo information.
code 43.90 % 62.82 % 39.21 % 0.2 s GeForce RTX 2080Ti
Y. Chen, S. Huang, S. Liu, B. Yu and J. Jia: DSGN++: Exploiting Visual-Spatial Relation for Stereo-Based 3D Detectors. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2022.
152 MVAF-Net(3-classes) 43.74 % 59.00 % 39.42 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
153 AVOD
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
code 42.08 % 57.19 % 38.29 % 0.08 s Titan X (pascal)
J. Ku, M. Mozifian, J. Lee, A. Harakeh and S. Waslander: Joint 3D Proposal Generation and Object Detection from View Aggregation. IROS 2018.
154 SeSame-voxel w/score code 40.05 % 53.37 % 35.71 % N/A s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
155 SparsePool code 37.33 % 52.61 % 33.39 % 0.13 s 8 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Wang, W. Zhan and M. Tomizuka: Fusing bird view lidar point cloud and front view camera image for deep object detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.06703 2017.
156 MMLAB LIGA-Stereo
This method uses stereo information.
code 36.86 % 54.44 % 32.06 % 0.4 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
X. Guo, S. Shi, X. Wang and H. Li: LIGA-Stereo: Learning LiDAR Geometry Aware Representations for Stereo-based 3D Detector. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) 2021.
157 SparsePool code 32.61 % 40.87 % 29.05 % 0.13 s 8 cores @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Wang, W. Zhan and M. Tomizuka: Fusing bird view lidar point cloud and front view camera image for deep object detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.06703 2017.
158 CG-Stereo
This method uses stereo information.
30.89 % 47.40 % 27.23 % 0.57 s GeForce RTX 2080 Ti
C. Li, J. Ku and S. Waslander: Confidence Guided Stereo 3D Object Detection with Split Depth Estimation. IROS 2020.
159 BirdNet
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
30.25 % 43.98 % 27.21 % 0.11 s Titan Xp (Caffe)
J. Beltrán, C. Guindel, F. Moreno, D. Cruzado, F. García and A. Escalera: BirdNet: A 3D Object Detection Framework from LiDAR Information. 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2018.
160 Disp R-CNN (velo)
This method uses stereo information.
code 24.40 % 40.05 % 21.12 % 0.387 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Sun, L. Chen, Y. Xie, S. Zhang, Q. Jiang, X. Zhou and H. Bao: Disp R-CNN: Stereo 3D Object Detection via Shape Prior Guided Instance Disparity Estimation. CVPR 2020.
161 Disp R-CNN
This method uses stereo information.
code 24.40 % 40.04 % 21.12 % 0.387 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Sun, L. Chen, Y. Xie, S. Zhang, Q. Jiang, X. Zhou and H. Bao: Disp R-CNN: Stereo 3D Object Detection via Shape Prior Guided Instance Disparity Estimation. CVPR 2020.
162 Complexer-YOLO
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
18.53 % 24.27 % 17.31 % 0.06 s GPU @ 3.5 Ghz (C/C++)
M. Simon, K. Amende, A. Kraus, J. Honer, T. Samann, H. Kaulbersch, S. Milz and H. Michael Gross: Complexer-YOLO: Real-Time 3D Object Detection and Tracking on Semantic Point Clouds. The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) Workshops 2019.
163 DSGN
This method uses stereo information.
code 18.17 % 27.76 % 16.21 % 0.67 s NVIDIA Tesla V100
Y. Chen, S. Liu, X. Shen and J. Jia: DSGN: Deep Stereo Geometry Network for 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
164 OC Stereo
This method uses stereo information.
code 16.63 % 29.40 % 14.72 % 0.35 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
A. Pon, J. Ku, C. Li and S. Waslander: Object-Centric Stereo Matching for 3D Object Detection. ICRA 2020.
165 SeSame-pillar w/scor code 14.29 % 11.47 % 12.57 % N/A s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
166 RT3D-GMP
This method uses stereo information.
12.99 % 18.31 % 10.63 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Königshof and C. Stiller: Learning-Based Shape Estimation with Grid Map Patches for Realtime 3D Object Detection for Automated Driving. 2020 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2020.
167 SST [st]
This method uses stereo information.
12.77 % 22.45 % 11.59 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
168 MonoTAKD V2 8.78 % 14.59 % 7.50 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
169 MonoTAKD 8.51 % 14.12 % 7.23 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
170 SeSame-point w/score code 8.31 % 9.99 % 6.87 % N/A s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
171 ESGN
This method uses stereo information.
7.69 % 13.84 % 6.75 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
A. Gao, Y. Pang, J. Nie, Z. Shao, J. Cao, Y. Guo and X. Li: ESGN: Efficient Stereo Geometry Network for Fast 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 2022.
172 MonoLTKD_V3 7.23 % 13.54 % 6.86 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
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173 CMKD code 6.67 % 12.52 % 6.34 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Hong, H. Dai and Y. Ding: Cross-Modality Knowledge Distillation Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
174 MonoLTKD 6.38 % 11.44 % 5.29 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
175 PS-fld code 6.18 % 11.22 % 5.21 % 0.25 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Y. Chen, H. Dai and Y. Ding: Pseudo-Stereo for Monocular 3D Object Detection in Autonomous Driving. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2022.
176 SVDM-VIEW 5.67 % 9.57 % 4.98 % 1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
177 MonoLiG code 5.24 % 8.14 % 4.45 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
A. Hekimoglu, M. Schmidt and A. Ramiro: Monocular 3D Object Detection with LiDAR Guided Semi Supervised Active Learning. 2023.
178 DA3D+KM3D+v2-99 5.11 % 8.58 % 4.48 % 0.120s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
179 Mix-Teaching code 4.91 % 8.04 % 4.15 % 30 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Yang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, M. Zhu, C. Zhang and J. Li: Mix-Teaching: A Simple, Unified and Effective Semi-Supervised Learning Framework for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ArXiv 2022.
180 DD3D code 4.79 % 7.52 % 4.22 % n/a s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
D. Park, R. Ambrus, V. Guizilini, J. Li and A. Gaidon: Is Pseudo-Lidar needed for Monocular 3D Object detection?. IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) .
181 MonoPSR code 4.74 % 8.37 % 3.68 % 0.2 s GPU @ 3.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Ku*, A. Pon* and S. Waslander: Monocular 3D Object Detection Leveraging Accurate Proposals and Shape Reconstruction. CVPR 2019.
182 MonoSIM_v2 4.64 % 8.23 % 3.91 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
183 TopNet-UncEst
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
4.54 % 7.13 % 3.81 % 0.09 s NVIDIA GeForce 1080 Ti (tensorflow-gpu)
S. Wirges, M. Braun, M. Lauer and C. Stiller: Capturing Object Detection Uncertainty in Multi-Layer Grid Maps. 2019.
184 MonoTRKDv2 4.44 % 8.01 % 3.68 % 40 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
185 LPCG-Monoflex code 4.38 % 6.98 % 3.56 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
L. Peng, F. Liu, Z. Yu, S. Yan, D. Deng, Z. Yang, H. Liu and D. Cai: Lidar Point Cloud Guided Monocular 3D Object Detection. ECCV 2022.
186 MonoLSS 4.34 % 7.23 % 3.92 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Li, J. Jia and Y. Shi: MonoLSS: Learnable Sample Selection For Monocular 3D Detection. International Conference on 3D Vision 2024.
187 MonoUNI code 4.28 % 7.34 % 3.78 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Jia, Z. Li and Y. Shi: MonoUNI: A Unified Vehicle and Infrastructure-side Monocular 3D Object Detection Network with Sufficient Depth Clues. Thirty-seventh Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems 2023.
188 Plane-Constraints code 4.22 % 7.72 % 3.36 % 0.05 s 4 cores @ 3.0 Ghz (Python)
H. Yao, J. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Wang, X. Chai, Y. Qiu and P. Han: Vertex points are not enough: Monocular 3D object detection via intra-and inter-plane constraints. Neural Networks 2023.
189 MonoInsight 3.92 % 6.23 % 3.27 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
190 MonoInsight 3.92 % 6.23 % 3.27 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
191 MonoDDE 3.78 % 5.94 % 3.33 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Li, Z. Qu, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, H. Wang and L. Jiang: Diversity Matters: Fully Exploiting Depth Clues for Reliable Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2022.
192 Anonymous 3.66 % 6.58 % 3.21 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
193 DFR-Net 3.58 % 5.69 % 3.10 % 0.18 s 1080 Ti (Pytorch)
Z. Zou, X. Ye, L. Du, X. Cheng, X. Tan, L. Zhang, J. Feng, X. Xue and E. Ding: The devil is in the task: Exploiting reciprocal appearance-localization features for monocular 3d object detection . ICCV 2021.
194 HomoLoss(monoflex) code 3.50 % 5.48 % 2.99 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Gu, B. Wu, L. Fan, J. Huang, S. Cao, Z. Xiang and X. Hua: Homography Loss for Monocular 3D Object Detection. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2022.
195 OPA-3D code 3.45 % 5.16 % 2.86 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 3.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Su, Y. Di, G. Zhai, F. Manhardt, J. Rambach, B. Busam, D. Stricker and F. Tombari: OPA-3D: Occlusion-Aware Pixel-Wise Aggregation for Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 2023.
196 CaDDN code 3.41 % 7.00 % 3.30 % 0.63 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
C. Reading, A. Harakeh, J. Chae and S. Waslander: Categorical Depth Distribution Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021.
197 RT3DStereo
This method uses stereo information.
3.37 % 5.29 % 2.57 % 0.08 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
H. Königshof, N. Salscheider and C. Stiller: Realtime 3D Object Detection for Automated Driving Using Stereo Vision and Semantic Information. Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. Intelligent Transportation Systems 2019.
198 MonoFRD 3.33 % 6.38 % 3.12 % 0.01 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
199 MonoDTR 3.27 % 5.05 % 3.19 % 0.04 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
K. Huang, T. Wu, H. Su and W. Hsu: MonoDTR: Monocular 3D Object Detection with Depth-Aware Transformer. CVPR 2022.
200 GUPNet code 3.21 % 5.58 % 2.66 % NA s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Lu, X. Ma, L. Yang, T. Zhang, Y. Liu, Q. Chu, J. Yan and W. Ouyang: Geometry Uncertainty Projection Network for Monocular 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2107.13774 2021.
201 DEVIANT code 3.13 % 5.05 % 2.59 % 0.04 s 1 GPU (Python)
A. Kumar, G. Brazil, E. Corona, A. Parchami and X. Liu: DEVIANT: Depth EquiVarIAnt NeTwork for Monocular 3D Object Detection. European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) 2022.
202 CIE 3.09 % 5.62 % 2.80 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Anonymities: Consistency of Implicit and Explicit Features Matters for Monocular 3D Object Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:2207.07933 2022.
203 SH3D 3.00 % 5.29 % 2.56 % 0.1 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
204 SGM3D code 2.92 % 5.49 % 2.64 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
Z. Zhou, L. Du, X. Ye, Z. Zou, X. Tan, L. Zhang, X. Xue and J. Feng: SGM3D: Stereo Guided Monocular 3D Object Detection. RA-L 2022.
205 mdab 2.85 % 5.32 % 2.28 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
206 MonOAPC 2.74 % 4.46 % 2.14 % 0035 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Yao, J. Chen, Z. Wang, X. Wang, P. Han, X. Chai and Y. Qiu: Occlusion-Aware Plane-Constraints for Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 2023.
207 MDSNet 2.68 % 5.37 % 2.22 % 0.05 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Z. Xie, Y. Song, J. Wu, Z. Li, C. Song and Z. Xu: MDS-Net: Multi-Scale Depth Stratification 3D Object Detection from Monocular Images. Sensors 2022.
208 Cube R-CNN code 2.67 % 3.65 % 2.28 % 0.05 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
G. Brazil, A. Kumar, J. Straub, N. Ravi, J. Johnson and G. Gkioxari: Omni3D: A Large Benchmark and Model for 3D Object Detection in the Wild. CVPR 2023.
209 monodle code 2.66 % 4.59 % 2.45 % 0.04 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Ma, Y. Zhang, D. Xu, D. Zhou, S. Yi, H. Li and W. Ouyang: Delving into Localization Errors for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021 .
210 DDMP-3D 2.50 % 4.18 % 2.32 % 0.18 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
L. Wang, L. Du, X. Ye, Y. Fu, G. Guo, X. Xue, J. Feng and L. Zhang: Depth-conditioned Dynamic Message Propagation for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
211 MonoNeRD code 2.48 % 4.73 % 2.16 % na s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
J. Xu, L. Peng, H. Cheng, H. Li, W. Qian, K. Li, W. Wang and D. Cai: MonoNeRD: NeRF-like Representations for Monocular 3D Object Detection. ICCV 2023.
212 Aug3D-RPN 2.43 % 4.36 % 2.55 % 0.08 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
C. He, J. Huang, X. Hua and L. Zhang: Aug3D-RPN: Improving Monocular 3D Object Detection by Synthetic Images with Virtual Depth. 2021.
213 QD-3DT
This is an online method (no batch processing).
code 2.39 % 4.16 % 1.85 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
H. Hu, Y. Yang, T. Fischer, F. Yu, T. Darrell and M. Sun: Monocular Quasi-Dense 3D Object Tracking. ArXiv:2103.07351 2021.
214 MonoFlex 2.35 % 4.17 % 2.04 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Zhang, J. Lu and J. Zhou: Objects are Different: Flexible Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2021.
215 MonoSIM 2.25 % 4.23 % 2.04 % 0.16 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
216 MonoPair 2.12 % 3.79 % 1.83 % 0.06 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
Y. Chen, L. Tai, K. Sun and M. Li: MonoPair: Monocular 3D Object Detection Using Pairwise Spatial Relationships. The IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2020.
217 DA3D 1.86 % 3.37 % 1.48 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
218 RefinedMPL 1.82 % 3.23 % 1.77 % 0.15 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
J. Vianney, S. Aich and B. Liu: RefinedMPL: Refined Monocular PseudoLiDAR for 3D Object Detection in Autonomous Driving. arXiv preprint arXiv:1911.09712 2019.
219 MonoRCNN++ code 1.81 % 3.17 % 1.75 % 0.07 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
X. Shi, Z. Chen and T. Kim: Multivariate Probabilistic Monocular 3D Object Detection. WACV 2023.
220 TopNet-HighRes
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
1.67 % 2.49 % 1.88 % 101ms NVIDIA GeForce 1080 Ti (tensorflow-gpu)
S. Wirges, T. Fischer, C. Stiller and J. Frias: Object Detection and Classification in Occupancy Grid Maps Using Deep Convolutional Networks. 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2018.
221 D4LCN code 1.67 % 2.45 % 1.36 % 0.2 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
M. Ding, Y. Huo, H. Yi, Z. Wang, J. Shi, Z. Lu and P. Luo: Learning Depth-Guided Convolutions for Monocular 3D Object Detection. CVPR 2020.
222 FMF-occlusion-net 1.60 % 1.87 % 1.66 % 0.16 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Liu, H. Liu, Y. Wang, F. Sun and W. Huang: Fine-grained Multi-level Fusion for Anti- occlusion Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing 2022.
223 SS3D 1.45 % 2.80 % 1.35 % 48 ms Tesla V100 (Python)
E. Jörgensen, C. Zach and F. Kahl: Monocular 3D Object Detection and Box Fitting Trained End-to-End Using Intersection-over-Union Loss. CoRR 2019.
224 PGD-FCOS3D code 1.38 % 2.81 % 1.20 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
T. Wang, X. Zhu, J. Pang and D. Lin: Probabilistic and Geometric Depth: Detecting Objects in Perspective. Conference on Robot Learning (CoRL) 2021.
225 DA3D+KM3D 1.37 % 2.79 % 1.32 % 0.02 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
226 mdab 1.12 % 3.10 % 1.24 % 0.02 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
227 CMAN 1.05 % 1.59 % 1.11 % 0.15 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
C. Yuanzhouhan Cao: CMAN: Leaning Global Structure Correlation for Monocular 3D Object Detection. IEEE Trans. Intell. Transport. Syst. 2022.
228 MonoEF 0.92 % 1.80 % 0.71 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Y. Zhou, Y. He, H. Zhu, C. Wang, H. Li and Q. Jiang: Monocular 3D Object Detection: An Extrinsic Parameter Free Approach. Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2021.
229 MonoAIU 0.72 % 0.89 % 0.46 % 0.03 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
230 M3D-RPN code 0.65 % 0.94 % 0.47 % 0.16 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
G. Brazil and X. Liu: M3D-RPN: Monocular 3D Region Proposal Network for Object Detection . ICCV 2019 .
231 MonoRUn code 0.61 % 1.01 % 0.48 % 0.07 s GPU @ 2.5 Ghz (Python + C/C++)
H. Chen, Y. Huang, W. Tian, Z. Gao and L. Xiong: MonoRUn: Monocular 3D Object Detection by Reconstruction and Uncertainty Propagation. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2021.
232 Shift R-CNN (mono) code 0.29 % 0.48 % 0.31 % 0.25 s GPU @ 1.5 Ghz (Python)
A. Naiden, V. Paunescu, G. Kim, B. Jeon and M. Leordeanu: Shift R-CNN: Deep Monocular 3D Object Detection With Closed-form Geometric Constraints. ICIP 2019.
233 mBoW
This method makes use of Velodyne laser scans.
0.00 % 0.00 % 0.00 % 10 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (C/C++)
J. Behley, V. Steinhage and A. Cremers: Laser-based Segment Classification Using a Mixture of Bag-of-Words. Proc. of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) 2013.
234 MonoGhost_Ped_Cycl 0.00 % 0.00 % 0.00 % 0.03 s 1 core @ 2.5 Ghz (Python)
Table as LaTeX | Only published Methods

Related Datasets

Citation

When using this dataset in your research, we will be happy if you cite us:
@inproceedings{Geiger2012CVPR,
  author = {Andreas Geiger and Philip Lenz and Raquel Urtasun},
  title = {Are we ready for Autonomous Driving? The KITTI Vision Benchmark Suite},
  booktitle = {Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)},
  year = {2012}
}



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