Andreas Geiger

Publications of Zehao Yu

MonoSDF: Exploring Monocular Geometric Cues for Neural Implicit Surface Reconstruction
Z. Yu, S. Peng, M. Niemeyer, T. Sattler and A. Geiger
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS), 2022
Abstract: In recent years, neural implicit surface reconstruction methods have become popular for multi-view 3D reconstruction. In contrast to traditional multi-view stereo methods, these approaches tend to produce smoother and more complete reconstructions due to the inductive smoothness bias of neural networks. State-of-the-art neural implicit methods allow for high-quality reconstructions of simple scenes from many input views. Yet, their performance drops significantly for larger and more complex scenes and scenes captured from sparse viewpoints. This is caused primarily by the inherent ambiguity in the RGB reconstruction loss that does not provide enough constraints, in particular in less-observed and textureless areas. Motivated by recent advances in the area of monocular geometry prediction, we systematically explore the utility these cues provide for improving neural implicit surface reconstruction. We demonstrate that depth and normal cues, predicted by general-purpose monocular estimators, significantly improve reconstruction quality and optimization time. Further, we analyse and investigate multiple design choices for representing neural implicit surfaces, ranging from monolithic MLP models over single-grid to multi-resolution grid representations. We observe that geometric monocular priors improve performance both for small-scale single-object as well as large-scale multi-object scenes, independent of the choice of representation.
Latex Bibtex Citation:
  author = {Zehao Yu and Songyou Peng and Michael Niemeyer and Torsten Sattler and Andreas Geiger},
  title = {MonoSDF: Exploring Monocular Geometric Cues for Neural Implicit Surface Reconstruction},
  booktitle = {Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS)},
  year = {2022}
TransFuser: Imitation with Transformer-Based Sensor Fusion for Autonomous Driving
K. Chitta, A. Prakash, B. Jaeger, Z. Yu, K. Renz and A. Geiger
Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (PAMI), 2022
Abstract: How should we integrate representations from complementary sensors for autonomous driving? Geometry-based fusion has shown promise for perception (e.g. object detection, motion forecasting). However, in the context of end-to-end driving, we find that imitation learning based on existing sensor fusion methods underperforms in complex driving scenarios with a high density of dynamic agents. Therefore, we propose TransFuser, a mechanism to integrate image and LiDAR representations using self-attention. Our approach uses transformer modules at multiple resolutions to fuse perspective view and bird's eye view feature maps. We experimentally validate its efficacy on a challenging new benchmark with long routes and dense traffic, as well as the official leaderboard of the CARLA urban driving simulator. At the time of submission, TransFuser outperforms all prior work on the CARLA leaderboard in terms of driving score by a large margin. Compared to geometry-based fusion, TransFuser reduces the average collisions per kilometer by 48%.
Latex Bibtex Citation:
  author = {Kashyap Chitta and Aditya Prakash and Bernhard Jaeger and Zehao Yu and Katrin Renz and Andreas Geiger},
  title = {TransFuser: Imitation with Transformer-Based Sensor Fusion for Autonomous Driving},
  journal = {Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (PAMI)},
  year = {2022}

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